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Aphanisma blitoides
APHANISMA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AphanismaView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: inconspicuous)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, Leila M. Shultz & Dieter H. Wilken

Aphanisma blitoides Nutt. ex Moq.
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, glabrous. Stem: 1--6 dm, decumbent to erect, branched from base, fleshy. Leaf: alternate, gradually reduced distally on stem; proximal sessile; distal cordate-clasping; blade 2--5 cm, elliptic to ovate, entire. Inflorescence: axillary, sessile; flowers 1--3(5). Flower: bisexual; calyx parts 3(5), +- 1 mm, +- equal, concave; stamen 1; style branches 3. Fruit: 1.2--2 mm, depressed-spheric; equatorial margin +- thick, ring-like. Seed: 1--1.5 mm, round, horizontal, black.
Ecology: Coastal scrub, bluffs, saline sand; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: s CCo, SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, Leila M. Shultz & Dieter H. Wilken
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Aphanisma blitoides

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, Leila M. Shultz & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Aphanisma blitoides, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13611, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 28, 2016.


Aphanisma blitoides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Aphanisma blitoides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Aphanisma blitoides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Aphanisma blitoides
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Aphanisma blitoides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Aphanisma blitoides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Aphanisma blitoides in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Aphanisma blitoides:
s CCo, SCo, ChI;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.