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Anthriscus caucalis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AnthriscusView Description 

Habit: Annual, biennial, taprooted, glabrous or bristly. Stem: erect, branched. Leaf: generally cauline; blade oblong to ovate, pinnately or ternately dissected or compound, segments or leaflets linear-oblong to ovate. Inflorescence: umbels compound, generally peduncled; bracts generally 0; bractlets several, reflexed, entire; rays, pedicels few, spreading. Flower: outer occasionally +- bilateral; calyx lobes 0; petals narrow, white. Fruit: narrowly elongate to ovoid, beaked, smooth or bristly; each half +- cylindric; ribs, oil tubes 0 or obscure; fruit axis entire or notched at tip. Seed: face grooved.
Species In Genus: +- 15 species: Eurasia, Africa. Etymology: (Ancient Greek name)

Anthriscus caucalis M. Bieb.
Habit: Annual, 4.5--10 dm. Leaf: petiole 3--8 cm; blade 5--15 cm, oblong- to triangular-ovate, pinnately dissected, segments 1--5 mm, linear-oblong, obtuse. Inflorescence: peduncle 0--2 cm; rays 3--6, 1--2.5 cm. Fruit: +- 4 mm, ovoid; beak << body. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Generally shady places; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, MP; Distribution Outside California: native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Anthriscus scandicina (F.H. Wigg.) Mansf.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
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botanical illustration including Anthriscus caucalis


Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Anthriscus caucalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Anthriscus caucalis
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Anthriscus caucalis
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© 2006 Keir Morse
Anthriscus caucalis
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© 2011 Barry Breckling
Anthriscus caucalis
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Anthriscus caucalis
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Anthriscus caucalis
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© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Anthriscus caucalis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Anthriscus caucalis:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.