Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Anredera cordifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BasellaceaeView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb vines, +- fleshy, glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate, petioled [not], entire [toothed]; stipules 0. Inflorescence: panicle [raceme, spike], axillary or terminal; pedicel subtended by bract. Flower: generally bisexual, radial, immediately subtended on pedicel by [1]2 bractlets; sepals 2; petals [4]5[--13], +- fused basally into shallow cup; nectary a ring; stamens [4]5[--9], from petal cup, basally fused, basally widened; ovary superior, chamber 1, styles [1]3, +- fused basally. Fruit: utricle, indehiscent, fleshy or papery, enclosed in dry perianth. Seed: 1.
Genera In Family: 4 genera, +- 20 species: tropics, subtropics, mostly America; some cultivated (Anredera, ornamental; Basella, edible leaves; Ullucus, edible tubers). Note: Based on anatomy, some authors interpret sepals as bracts, petals as sepals; Basella alba L. cultivated in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael A. Vincent
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AnrederaView Description 

Inflorescence: raceme or panicle of spike-like racemes; bractlets fused basally into cup. Flower: calyx, corolla +- spreading to +- reflexed, +- similar; stigmas club- or head-shaped or 2-lobed.
Species In Genus: +- 14 species: tropics, subtropical America. Etymology: (Evidently for a person named Anreder)

Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis
Habit: Roots tuber-like. Stem: axils with small tubers. Leaf: 2--10 cm; blades +- cordate to +- round. Inflorescence: +- 30 cm; pedicels < 2 mm. Flower: generally functionally staminate; +- 6 mm diam; perianth +- white, fragrant, +- black in fruit; styles 1--1.5 mm, fused in basal 1/2--2/3. Fruit: +- spheric, 0.8--1.1 mm (0 in California). Seed: rarely viable. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed, +- urban areas, abandoned orchards; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to South America. Flowering Time: Jul--Nov Note: Spreads rapidly by stem tubers; shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, liver-protective effects in rats.
Synonyms: Boussingaultia cordifolia Ten.; Boussingaultia gracilis Miers; Boussingaultia gracilis var. pseudobaselloides (Hauman) L.H. Bailey
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael A. Vincent
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Citation for this treatment: Michael A. Vincent 2016. Anredera cordifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 22, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 22, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Anredera cordifolia:
SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.