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Amsinckia menziesii
COMMON FIDDLENECK, SMALL-FLOWERED FIDDLENECK

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: AmsinckiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FIDDLENECK
Habit: Annual; hairs generally bristly, often bulbous-based. Stem: generally erect, 2--12 dm, generally green. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, sessile or lower short-petioled, generally linear to narrow-lanceolate or -oblong, generally not succulent, +- entire. Inflorescence: spike-like cymes, generally +- terminal, tip coiled. Flower: generally radial; calyx lobes 5 or 2--4 (see key); corolla tube generally not constricted, generally orange or yellow (red-orange), appendages generally 0, throat generally open, glabrous, limb on large-flowered taxa generally with 5 dark spots. Fruit: nutlets erect, +- triangular, adaxially generally with exposed elliptic attachment scar, generally with rounded or sharp tubercles.
Species In Genus: 14 species: western North America, southwestern South America, widely alien elsewhere. Etymology: (W. Amsinck, patron of Hamburg Botanic Garden, 1752--1831) Note: Self-compatible; often heterostylous; large-flowered taxa generally cross-pollinated, small-flowered self-pollinated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Fred R. Ganders

Amsinckia menziesii (Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr.
NATIVE
Stem: decumbent to +- ascending, green to brown, spreading-bristly, branches +- many, from base. Leaf: spreading, green, coarse-hairy to bristly. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal, not fused above base; corolla 4--7 mm, tube +- exserted, tube 10-veined near base, limb 1--3 mm diam, yellow to orange-yellow, generally spotted; stamens attached above middle of tube, anthers generally appressed to stigma; style to throat. Fruit: 2--3.5 mm, +- sharp-tubercled, occasionally ridged. Chromosomes: 2n=34.
Ecology: Shade-tolerant, open, disturbed areas at forest/woodland edges; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Idaho; naturalized in central and eastern United States; also in South America. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Homostylous.
Synonyms: Amsinckia menziesii var. menziesii; Amsinckia micrantha Suksd.
Unabridged Note: Occurrence in California in need of verification. See note under Amsinckia retrorsa Suksd.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Fred R. Ganders
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley & Fred R. Ganders 2016. Amsinckia menziesii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13145, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Amsinckia menziesii
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Amsinckia menziesii
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Amsinckia menziesii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Amsinckia menziesii
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Amsinckia menziesii
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© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Amsinckia menziesii in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Amsinckia menziesii:
CA-FP, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.