Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Ammannia coccinea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LythraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: 4-angled or cylindric. Leaf: simple, entire, generally opposite, 4-ranked (alternate, whorled). Inflorescence: flowers terminal or in axils of upper leaves or leaf-like bracts, 1 or in +- dense cymes or along short shoots, sessile or not, subtended by [0]2 bractlets. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium bell-shaped to cylindric, membranous or leathery, persistent in fruit; sepals appearing as hypanthium lobes, 4--9, epicalyx lobes alternate sepals or 0; petals, stamens inserted on inner hypanthium; petals 4--6 or 0, alternate sepals, crinkled, deciduous; stamens generally = or 2 × sepals, included or exserted; ovary generally superior, chambers 2--6[many], style generally slender, stigma head-like. Fruit: dry capsule or leathery berry, dehiscent into 2--4 valves or irregularly. Seed: 3--many.
Genera In Family: +- 28 genera, 600 species: temperate, tropics, generally in wet habitats. Some ornamental or cultivated for medicine, dyes. Note: "Epicalyx lobes" (lobes on calyx) formerly called "appendages," "hypanthium" in Lythraceae (and Onagraceae) including receptacle, sometimes called "flower cup" or "flower tube". Punicaceae (Punica) included here.
eFlora Treatment Author: Shirley A. Graham
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AmmanniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: prostrate to erect, branched or not, glabrous. Leaf: opposite, sessile, linear to lanceolate [oblanceolate], with basal ear-like lobes. Inflorescence: axillary 1--5(14)-flowered cymes. Flower: radial, hypanthium bell- to urn-shaped, 4--8-ribbed; sepals 4, epicalyx lobes <= sepals, horn-like, thick; petals (0)4, obovate; stamens 4(5--12), exserted (included); style long, slender [short, stocky]. Fruit: capsule, +- spheric, wall smooth, not striate at 10×, thin, dry, splitting irregularly. Seed: many, +- 1 mm.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: temperate, tropics. Etymology: (Paul Ammann, 1634--1691, director of medical garden, University of Leipzig, author of flora of Leipzig area, 1675)

Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
Stem: 1--10 dm. Leaf: 2--8 cm, 2--15 mm wide. Inflorescence: (1)3--5(14)-flowered. Flower: hypanthium urn-shaped; petals 2--4(5) mm; stamens 4(7), anthers deep yellow. Chromosomes: n=33.
Ecology: Wet places, drying ponds, lake, creek margins; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaRF, SNF, GV, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO, SW, DSon; Distribution Outside California: to eastern United States, South America; also southern Europe, eastern Africa as weed in rice fields. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Ammannia coccinea subsp. purpurea (Lam.) Koehne
eFlora Treatment Author: Shirley A. Graham
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Ammannia
Next taxon: Ammannia robusta

Name Search
botanical illustration including Ammannia coccinea


Citation for this treatment: Shirley A. Graham 2016. Ammannia coccinea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Ammannia coccinea
click for enlargement
© 2003 Michael Charters
Ammannia coccinea
click for enlargement
© 2003 Michael Charters
Ammannia coccinea
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Ammannia coccinea
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Ammannia coccinea in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Ammannia coccinea:
CaRF, SNF, GV, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO, SW, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.