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Amaryllis belladonna

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AmaryllisView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: a shepherdess name in classical poetry)

Amaryllis belladonna L.
Habit: Bulb 5--10+ cm. Stem: 30--60 cm, stout. Leaf: linear, 30--45 cm, 1.5--3 cm wide. Inflorescence: umbel-like, appearing after leaves withered; bracts scarious; pedicels 2--4 cm. Flower: perianth spreading or +- reflexed, funnel-shaped, parts 5--8 cm, fused +- 1 cm, +- pink, sometimes white or yellow basally, crown 0; filaments >> anthers; stigma +- spheric or minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, +- spheric, dehiscing irregularly. Seed: 0 [few, fleshy, white or +- pink].
Ecology: Disturbed sites, often around abandoned home sites; Elevation: < 750 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo, SnFrB, SCo, SnBr; Distribution Outside California: Louisiana, temperate tropics, South America, Africa, Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2017. Amaryllis belladonna, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 29, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 29, 2017.

Amaryllis belladonna
click for enlargement
© 2003 George W. Hartwell
Amaryllis belladonna
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Amaryllis belladonna
click for enlargement
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Amaryllis belladonna in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Amaryllis belladonna:
CCo, SnFrB, SCo, SnBr;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.