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Albizia julibrissin

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: generally alternate, generally compound, generally stipuled, generally entire, pinnately veined Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; or flowers 1--few in axils. Flower: generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium 0 or flat to tubular; sepals generally 5, generally fused; petals generally 5, free, fused, or lower 2 +- united into keel (see 3, Key to Groups, for banner, wings); stamens 10 or many (or [1], 5, 6, 7, 9), free or fused or 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1--many, style, stigma 1. Fruit: legume, including a stalk-like base (above receptacle) or not. Seed: 1--many, often +- reniform, generally hard, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. Note: Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2--5(8) (vs 7--17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth. , Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss (possibly extirpated), Lens culinaris Medik. are agricultural weeds. Caragana arborescens Lam. only cult. Ononis alopecuroides L. , Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. all evidently extirpated. Cercidium moved to Parkinsonia; Chamaecytisus to Cytisus; Psoralidium lanceolatum to Ladeania.
eFlora Treatment Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Martin F. Wojciechowski, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AlbiziaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub, tree, [liana], unarmed. Leaf: even-2-pinnate, alternate; petiole with a gland. Inflorescence: axillary spike-like racemes or +- terminal panicle of head-like racemes. Flower: radial, +- green, yellow, white, or pink; sepals, petals inconspicuous; stamens many, conspicuously exserted, filaments fused below into tube +- = petals, free above. Fruit: not or slowly dehiscent, valves not recurving.
Species In Genus: +- 140 species: temperate to tropical Africa, Madagascar, southern Asia, especially America. Etymology: (F. del Albizzi, Florentine nobleman, naturalist, 18th century)

Albizia julibrissin Durazz.
Habit: Tree, broad-crowned. Leaf: deciduous; 1° leaflets 8--24; 2° leaflets 26--60, < 1.5 cm. Flower: sessile; corolla +- green, 7--11 mm; stamens 20--34. Fruit: 10--20 cm, oblong, glabrous, gray-brown. Seed: 8--15.
Ecology: Generally disturbed, coastal, riparian areas; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: ScV, SW, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: native to warm temperate, tropical Asia, widely cultivated in tropics, warm temp. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski
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Citation for this treatment: Martin F. Wojciechowski 2012, Albizia julibrissin, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on November 18, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on November 18, 2018.

Albizia julibrissin
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© 2009 Barry Rice
Albizia julibrissin
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Albizia julibrissin
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© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Albizia julibrissin in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Albizia julibrissin:
ScV, SW, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.