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Adonis aestivalis
SUMMER PHEASANT'S EYE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUTTERCUP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AdonisView Description 

Common Name: PHEASANT'S EYE
Habit: Annual [perennial herb] generally from taproot. Stem: erect, 1--few, branched or not. Leaf: 2--3[many]-pinnately dissected, cauline, alternate; segments generally linear. Inflorescence: raceme or flower 1, terminal or axillary. Flower: sepals 5, generally +- green; petals 5--20; pistils many. Fruit: achene, rough to wrinkled or ridged, beaked.
Species In Genus: +- 35 species: temperate Eurasia, northern Africa; some cultivated as ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: Adonis of mythology, from whose blood the plant allegedly grew)
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken

Adonis aestivalis L.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant 3--7 dm, glabrous. Leaf: 2--7 cm. Flower: sepals 5--8 mm, obovate to oblong; petals (6)8--10, 8--15 mm, oblong to oblanceolate, yellow to orange, bases +- purple; anthers +- purple. Fruit: 4--5 mm, 3.5--5 mm wide, minute-ridged laterally below middle, abaxial keel base with rounded tooth, beak 1--2 mm, straight, receptacle 1.5--3 cm.
Ecology: Disturbed sites, fields, open pine forest; Elevation: 1200--1400 m. Bioregional Distribution: MP; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Montana, Utah; native to Europe. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Adonis aestivalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11986, accessed on May 26, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 26, 2016.


Adonis aestivalis
click for enlargement
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Adonis aestivalis
click for enlargement
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Adonis aestivalis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Adonis aestivalis:
MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.