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Adonis aestivalis
SUMMER PHEASANT'S EYE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUTTERCUP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AdonisView Description 

Common Name: PHEASANT'S EYE
Habit: Annual [perennial herb] generally from taproot. Stem: erect, 1--few, branched or not. Leaf: 2--3[many]-pinnately dissected, cauline, alternate; segments generally linear. Inflorescence: raceme or flower 1, terminal or axillary. Flower: sepals 5, generally +- green; petals 5--20; pistils many. Fruit: achene, rough to wrinkled or ridged, beaked.
Species In Genus: +- 35 species: temperate Eurasia, northern Africa; some cultivated as ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: Adonis of mythology, from whose blood the plant allegedly grew)
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken

Adonis aestivalis L.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant 3--7 dm, glabrous. Leaf: 2--7 cm. Flower: sepals 5--8 mm, obovate to oblong; petals (6)8--10, 8--15 mm, oblong to oblanceolate, yellow to orange, bases +- purple; anthers +- purple. Fruit: 4--5 mm, 3.5--5 mm wide, minute-ridged laterally below middle, abaxial keel base with rounded tooth, beak 1--2 mm, straight, receptacle 1.5--3 cm.
Ecology: Disturbed sites, fields, open pine forest; Elevation: 1200--1400 m. Bioregional Distribution: MP; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Montana, Utah; native to Europe. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Adonis aestivalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11986, accessed on May 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 06, 2016.


Adonis aestivalis
click for enlargement
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Adonis aestivalis
click for enlargement
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Adonis aestivalis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Adonis aestivalis:
MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.