Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Adolphia californica
CALIFORNIA ADOLPHIA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RhamnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUCKTHORN FAMILY
Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short-shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short-shoots. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4--5; petals 0, 4--5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4--5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or +- inferior, chambers [1]2--4, 1--2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2--3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe.
Genera In Family: 50--52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus).
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AdolphiaView Description 

Habit: Shrub. Stem: branches dense, opposite, rigid, green; twigs spreading, jointed at base, thorn-tipped, glabrous to puberulent. Leaf: opposite, clustered in axils or not, early-deciduous; stipules +- triangular, black, shiny; blade entire, 1--3-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: small axillary clusters; pedicel generally white to green-white. Flower: hypanthium bowl-shaped, generally white to green-white; sepals 5, triangular, persistent; petals 5, spoon-shaped, white; stamens 5; disk fused to hypanthium, 5-angled, fleshy, generally white to green-white; ovary superior, chambers 3, 1-ovuled, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, spheric, explosively dehiscent.
Species In Genus: 2 species: California, Texas, Mexico. Etymology: (Adolphe T. Brongniart, student of Rhamnaceae, 1801--1876)

Adolphia californica S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 1.5 m. Stem: twigs stout. Leaf: petiole 2--4 mm; blade, 3--12 mm, elliptic-oblong to obovate, base wedge-shaped, tip obtuse to acute. Flower: hypanthium 3 mm wide; petals 2 mm. Fruit: +- 5 mm.
Ecology: Coastal scrub, chaparral; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, PR; Distribution Outside California: Mexico. Flowering Time: Dec--Apr
Unabridged Note: Tortosa (1993 Darwiniana 32:185--189) treated Adolphia californica as a synonym of Adolphia infesta of Arizona, northern Mexico, Texas, but did note regional differences. See Shreve & Wiggins 1964 Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran Desert for a comparison.
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr.
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Adolphia
Next taxon: Ceanothus

Name Search
botanical illustration including Adolphia californica

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: John O. Sawyer, Jr. 2016. Adolphia californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11984, accessed on May 31, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 31, 2016.


Adolphia californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Adolphia californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Adolphia californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Adolphia californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Adolphia californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Adolphia californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse

More photos of Adolphia californica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Adolphia californica:
SCo, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.