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Acanthomintha ilicifolia
SAN DIEGO THORNMINT

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AcanthominthaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: THORNMINT
Habit: Annual, hairy or not, aromatic. Stem: erect, branched or not. Leaf: petioled; blade lanceolate to obovate, entire to spiny. Inflorescence: clusters, head-like, terminal and generally axillary; bracts generally scarious, veins conspicuous, margins spiny. Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes spine-tipped, upper 3 acuminate, lower 2 oblong; corolla funnel-shaped, 2-lipped, white, occasionally tinged lavender or rose, throat cream, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, hooded, lower lip 3-lobed, reflexed; stamens 4, upper 2 reduced, sterile or not; style slender, lower lobe longer. Fruit: smooth, ovoid.
Species In Genus: 4 species: southern CA-FP. Etymology: (Greek: thorn mint)
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & James D. Jokerst

Acanthomintha ilicifolia (A. Gray) A. Gray
NATIVE
Stem: 5--15 cm; hairs 0 to short. Leaf: blade 5--15 mm, round, margin serrate. Inflorescence: bracts 7--9 mm, ovate, marginal spines 7--10, 4--8 mm. Flower: calyx +- 5 mm; corolla 12 mm, white, lobes occasionally rose-tinged, upper lip < lower, entire, shallowly hooded; upper stamens sterile, anthers glabrous; style glabrous.
Ecology: Vernal pools, clay depressions on mesas, chaparral slopes, coastal-sage scrub; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCo, sw PR (sw San Diego Co.); Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & James D. Jokerst
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & James D. Jokerst 2016. Acanthomintha ilicifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11725, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Acanthomintha ilicifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Acanthomintha ilicifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Acanthomintha ilicifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Acanthomintha ilicifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Acanthomintha ilicifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Acanthomintha ilicifolia
click for enlargement
© 1996 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Acanthomintha ilicifolia in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Acanthomintha ilicifolia:
s SCo, sw PR (sw San Diego Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.