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Vascular Plants of California
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Abutilon parvulum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MalvaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5--many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1--2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5--many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
Genera In Family: 266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). Note: Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise).
eFlora Treatment Author: Steven R. Hill, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AbutilonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb to shrub, stellate-canescent, tomentose, or bristly. Stem: generally erect (decumbent). Leaf: cordate to ovate, lobes generally 0(3), crenate or toothed. Inflorescence: panicle or flowers 1 in leaf axils; bracts leaf-like or not; involucel 0. Flower: petals yellow, yellow-orange, orange-pink, to +- red; anthers at top of filament tube; stigmas head-like. Fruit: capsule-like, +- cylindric to +- spheric, segments generally not separating fully from each other or from pl, smooth-sided, dehiscent at top, generally with beak splitting in 2, walls firm to woody. Seed: 3--6(15) per segment.
Species In Genus: 200 species: warm regions. Etymology: (Arabic name, possibly from abu, father of, and Persian tula or tulha, mallow)
eFlora Treatment Author: Paul A. Fryxell & Steven R. Hill
Reference: Fryxell 1988 Syst Bot Monogr 25:24--68
Unabridged Reference: Borssum Waalkes 1966 Blumea 14:159--177
Abutilon parvulum A. Gray
Habit: Perennial herb, from woody root. Stem: +- decumbent, 1--4 dm, much-branched, stellate-canescent, generally with few simple hairs. Leaf: blade 1--5 cm, dentate, acute to acuminate; hairs scattered, stellate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils. Flower: calyx 3--5 mm, << fruit, lobes reflexed in fruit; petals 3--6 mm, orange-pink to +- red. Fruit: segments generally 5(6), 3-seeded, stellate-puberulent, beaks 1--2 mm, +- erect. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Arid, rocky slopes, shadscale scrub; Elevation: 900--1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: DMtns (Providence Mtns); Distribution Outside California: to southern Colorado, western Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Apr--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Paul A. Fryxell & Steven R. Hill
Reference: Fryxell 1988 Syst Bot Monogr 25:24--68
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Abutilon parvulum

botanical illustration including Abutilon parvulum


Citation for this treatment: Paul A. Fryxell & Steven R. Hill 2012, Abutilon parvulum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 17, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 17, 2019.

Abutilon parvulum
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Abutilon parvulum
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre

More photos of Abutilon parvulum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Abutilon parvulum:
DMtns (Providence Mtns)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.