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Abronia turbinata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: NyctaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FOUR O'CLOCK FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, [shrub, tree], glabrous or hairy. Stem: often forked. Leaf: opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire. Inflorescence: generally forked; spike, head-like cluster, or umbel, flowers rarely 1, bracts forming a calyx-like involucre or not. Flower: bisexual, generally +- radial (bilateral), sometimes cleistogamous in some genera; perianth of 1 whorl, generally petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 3--5, generally notched to +- lobed; stamens 1--many; ovary superior (appearing inferior due to hardened perianth base), style 1. Fruit: achene in hardened perianth base; round to +- flat; smooth, angled, ribbed, or winged; glabrous, hairy, or glandular.
Genera In Family: 30 genera, 350 species: warm regions, especially America; some ornamental (Bougainvillea; Mirabilis, four o'clock).
eFlora Treatment Author: Andy Murdock, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AbroniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SAND-VERBENA
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, generally glandular. Stem: prostrate to ascending, generally +- red. Leaf: generally fleshy, petioled. Inflorescence: head or umbel; flowers maturing outer before inner or +- simultaneously; receptacle conic, +- smooth; bracts 5--10. Flower: perianth salverform to trumpet-shaped, generally fragrant, lobes 4--5; stamens 4--5, included; stigma linear, included. Fruit: body fusiform; wings (0)2--5, lobe-like, prominent, opaque, thick, not continuous above fruit body.
Species In Genus: 25 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: graceful) Note: Closely related to Tripterocalyx; relationships among species Abronia gracilis Benth. (Mexico), Abronia maritima, Abronia umbellata, and Abronia villosa need study; hybrids involve Abronia latifolia, Abronia maritima, Abronia umbellata; Abronia gracilis included in TJM (1993) based on misidentifications.

Abronia turbinata S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Annual (perennial herb), glabrous or sparsely glandular-hairy. Stem: ascending to erect, < 50 cm. Leaf: petiole 1--5 cm, slender; blade 1--5 cm, broadly ovate or cordate to round. Inflorescence: peduncle 3--9 cm; bracts 3--10 mm, lanceolate to ovate; flowers 15--35. Flower: perianth tube 6--18 mm, pink to +- green, limb 5--8 mm wide, white to pale magenta. Fruit: 3--8 mm, wings generally 5, thick, hollow, inflated or +- collapsed and folded together.
Ecology: Dry, sandy soil, desert scrub; Elevation: 900--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s MP (Sierra Valley), s SNF, WTR, SNE, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: southeastern Oregon, western Nevada. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Andy Murdock
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Previous taxon: Abronia pogonantha
Next taxon: Abronia umbellata

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botanical illustration including Abronia turbinata

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Citation for this treatment: Andy Murdock 2016. Abronia turbinata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11561, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Abronia turbinata
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Abronia turbinata
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© 2010 Steve Matson
Abronia turbinata
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Abronia turbinata
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Abronia turbinata
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© 2012 James M. Andre
Abronia turbinata
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© 1980 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Abronia turbinata in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Abronia turbinata:
s MP (Sierra Valley), s SNF, WTR, SNE, DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.