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Parentucellia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Parentucellia
Habit: Annual, green, sticky-hairy, generally erect and unbranched in California. Leaf: generally opposite, sessile, toothed Inflorescence: raceme, spike-like, bracted. Flower: calyx 4-lobed, lobes +- equal, +- lanceolate; corolla 2-lipped, yellow or red-purple, upper lip entire or notched, forming hood, lower lip > upper, 3-lobed; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, included in upper corolla lip, anthers hairy, awned at base. Fruit: cylindric. Seed: many, minute, smooth.
Species In Genus: 2 species: western Europe, Mediterranean, central Asia. Etymology: (Tomaso Parentucelli, early Renaissance librarian to Cosimo de' Medici in Florence; as humanist Pope Nicholas V, 1447--1455, established Vatican library and gardens)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax
Jepson Online Interchange
Key to Parentucellia

Previous taxon: Orthocarpus pachystachyus
Next taxon: Parentucellia latifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Parentucellia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=11393, accessed on May 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 29, 2016.


Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2011 California Academy of Sciences
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2013 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Parentucellia latifolia
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© 2015 Lech Naumovich

More photos of Parentucellia in CalPhotos