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Vascular Plants of California
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Antennaria suffrutescens

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Bahia in Hymenothrix; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Picradeniopsis; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Amauriopsis in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Hymenothrix; Arida in Leucosyris; Bahia in Picradeniopsis.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AntennariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PUSSY-TOES
Habit: Perennial herb, often matted; dioecious; staminate plants present or 0. Leaf: alternate, entire, generally +- tomentose. Inflorescence: heads discoid or disciform, 1 or in cyme-like (raceme- or panicle-like) clusters; phyllaries many, graduated in several series, papery or membranous (wider, more conspicuous in staminate heads); receptacle flat to convex or ovoid, epaleate. Staminate Flower: 2--5 mm; corolla white, yellow, or red; pappus bristle tips generally enlarged. Pistillate Flower: 2--10 mm; corolla barely lobed, white, yellow, or red. Fruit: 0.5--3.5 mm, +- elliptic; pappus bristles many, soft, weakly barbed.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: America, northern Eurasia. Etymology: (Latin: antenna, describing pappus bristles of staminate flowers) Note: Races of some species reproduce by asexual seeds, their populations entirely pistillate pls.
eFlora Treatment Author: Randall J. Bayer
Reference: Bayer & Figura 2015 Syst Bot 40:620--626.
Unabridged Reference: Bayer 2006 FNANM 19:388--415; Bayer 1990 Canad J Bot 68:1389--1397; Bayer 1990 Madroño 37:171--183.
Antennaria suffrutescens Greene
Stem: many, 5--12 cm, densely tufted, woody at base; stolons 0. Leaf: dense, 5--12 mm, spoon-shaped, evergreen, 1-veined, thick, green adaxially, tomentose abaxially; tip notched. Inflorescence: head 1; involucre 10--15 mm (pistillate) or 5--9 mm (staminate), woolly and finely glandular at base; phyllaries wide, blunt or acute, green-yellow proximally, distally white. Flower: pistillate corolla 5--8 mm, staminate 4--5 mm. Fruit: 1--2 mm, papillate; pappus 7--9 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Dry, open conifer woodland, serpentine barrens; Elevation: 500--1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRO; Distribution Outside California: Oregon. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Randall J. Bayer
Reference: Bayer & Figura 2015 Syst Bot 40:620--626.
Unabridged Reference: Bayer 2006 FNANM 19:388--415; Bayer 1990 Canad J Bot 68:1389--1397; Bayer 1990 Madroño 37:171--183.
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Citation for this treatment: Randall J. Bayer 2017, Antennaria suffrutescens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5,, accessed on December 14, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 14, 2018.

Antennaria suffrutescens
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York
Antennaria suffrutescens
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York
Antennaria suffrutescens
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York
Antennaria suffrutescens
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York

More photos of Antennaria suffrutescens in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Antennaria suffrutescens:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.