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Aphyllon parishii subsp. parishii


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 101 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche and Phelipanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. Taxa of Orobanche in TJM2 treated here in Aphyllon and Phelipanche.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AphyllonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, not green (holoparasites), generally glandular-puberulent distally; root attachment occasionally tuber-like. Stem: simple or branched. Inflorescence: generally +- spike-like (proximal flowers often short-pedicelled or on short branches) and dense, or clusters of erect pedicelled flowers; bracts generally lanceolate to deltate (wider on peduncle); bractlets 0 or 2. Flower: calyx lobes 5; corolla glandular-puberulent, generally lacking ring of hairs at stamen bases, upper lip erect to reflexed, 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, spreading, throat floor with yellow folds; anthers glabrous to hairy; stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: 2-valved; placentas generally 2, often lobed, style persistent. Seed: < 1 mm.
Species In Genus: 22 species: North America, South America. Etymology: (Greek: without leaf)
eFlora Treatment Author: Adam C. Schneider & Alison E.L. Colwell
Reference: Schneider 2016 Phytokeys 75:107--118.
Unabridged Reference: Heckard 1973 Madroño 22:41--70.
Species: Aphyllon parishiiView Description 


Habit: Plant +- yellow-white. Stem: generally simple, stout, glandular-puberulent. Inflorescence: bracts narrowly ovate, with > 5 conspicuous, parallel veins, proximal pedicels 7--10 mm, distal 0, bractlets 2. Flower: calyx 10--20 mm, lobes +- narrowly triangular, pale; corolla buff to +- pink, lobes rounded or obtuse, veins +- red.

Aphyllon parishii (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. subsp. parishii
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 15--26 cm. Inflorescence: 5--14 cm, elongate, flower arrangement asymmetrical. Flower: calyx lobes 10--16 mm; corolla 20--25 mm, lips 6--8 mm, spreading; anthers glabrous or hairy; stigma lobes wide, spreading. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Uncommon. Conifer forest, openings in chaparral, scrub, generally on shrubs; Elevation: 300--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, Teh, SW, W&I, DMtns; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Comprises 2 or more undescribed taxa. One has narrow +- purple spikes, in conifer forest at 2000--3000 m on Artemisia dracunculus in SnJt and WTR (Mount Pinos), represented by specimen from Bear Valley (S.B. Parrish, s.n. June 1894). Another has narrow buff to yellow spikes, often with +- red markings on corolla lobes, in oak-chaparral at 300--1500 m on Isocoma and other Asteraceae in San Diego, Orange, Los Angeles, Riverside cos.
Unabridged Synonyms: Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. var. parishii Jeps.
Jepson eFlora Author: Adam C. Schneider & Alison E.L. Colwell
Reference: Schneider 2016 Phytokeys 75:107--118.
Unabridged Reference: Heckard 1973 Madroño 22:41--70.
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Citation for this treatment: Adam C. Schneider & Alison E.L. Colwell 2017, Aphyllon parishii subsp. parishii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=103331, accessed on September 14, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 14, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Aphyllon parishii subsp. parishii.



Geographic subdivisions for Aphyllon parishii subsp. parishii:
s SNH, Teh, SW, W&I, DMtns
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