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Vascular Plants of California
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Nama californica


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: NamaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: PURPLE MAT
Habit: Perennial herb or generally annual, hairy. Leaf: cauline, generally alternate, margin crenate-dentate or generally entire, wavy, flat, or rolled under. Inflorescence: heads or generally clusters, terminal, not coiled, or flowers 1--2 in leaf axils; bracts 0 or generally leaf-like. Flower: calyx generally free from ovary; corolla salverform to bell-shaped, occasionally cylindric; stamens generally attached to corolla at different levels, generally unequal, part fused to corolla generally narrow-winged, scales at base 0; styles 1--2. Fruit: generally loculicidal, ovoid to elliptic. Seed: generally many, small, red-brown, brown, black, or yellow to orange.
Species In Genus: +- 55 species: southwestern United States, tropical America, Hawaii. Etymology: (Greek: a stream) Note: Nama lobbii A. Gray now in Eriodictyon.
eFlora Treatment Author: Sarah Taylor
Unabridged Reference: Ferguson 1998 Syst Bot 23:253--268; Hitchcock 1933 Amer J Bot 20:415--430, 518--534
Nama californica (A. Gray) J.D. Bacon
NATIVE
Habit: Generally puberulent to fine-strigose, hair bases generally swollen. Stem: prostrate, 3--10 cm, forked. Leaf: generally sessile, 5--14 mm, 1--4 mm wide, oblanceolate, spoon-shaped, or elliptic. Inflorescence: flowers +- sessile. Flower: calyx lobes 2--5 mm, lance-linear, silky-hairy; corolla 1--3 mm, bowl- or bell-shaped, white to pale pink, basal tube +- 0.5 mm, limb 1--2 mm diam, lobes 0.4--0.8 mm, 0.5--0.8 mm wide; stamens 0.8--1.3 mm, attached <= 0.5 mm above corolla base, free filament abruptly expanded above attachment; styles 2, 0.5--1 mm. Fruit: 2--2.5 mm. Seed: <= 4, 0.8--1 mm, ovoid, minute-cross-ridged, with depressions. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Dry, sandy areas; Elevation: 500--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, s SN, Teh, SnJV, e SnFrB, SCoRI, TR, w edge DMoj. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Lemmonia californica A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Sarah Taylor
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Citation for this treatment: Sarah Taylor 2012, Nama californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=101158, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2017 Neal Kramer
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Chris Winchell
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2017 Neal Kramer
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Chris Winchell
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2017 Neal Kramer
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Chris Winchell

More photos of Nama californica in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Nama californica:
NCoRI, s SN, Teh, SnJV, e SnFrB, SCoRI, TR, w edge DMoj.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.