widely but in only one place has a stand of young trees resulted, that is in the old chicken park, an area gone wild where the grass mulch has accumulated on the ground undisturbed for many year, making a loose suitable protective loam in which a seed might find lodgement. The young trees, maybe a dozen, are about of one age and about 10 or 12 or 16(!) feet high.
Why did not the Valley Oak spread out on this plain in pre-civilized days, under natural conditions? The plain was treeless and yet there were trees along the Alamo break only one-fourth mile away. Perhaps the birds roamed with nuts
only where there were trees, or not much beyond borders of wooded areas. The flickers go naturally to the old chicken park because there at that place are old locust trees. - Sept. 22, 1941. Doubtless there was no bedding loam on plain in the early days.
- Populus fremontii. From the bridge over the Alamo at Force ranch down stream to the Jim Marshall line, perhaps nearly a half mile, the bed of the stream and the banks were, when I was a lad of eight, utterly destitute of trees - of cotton-wood, of willow, of oak. For say near forty years (before my time as a lad, while I was a lad, and for some time after), the stream was wholly naked.
At this time, today, the stream is well wooded, especi-