Klamath River July 8, 1907
to regain the land that the boat was carried down stream dangerously near the rapids and the Indian was forced to let the animal go back to the shore they had left. A curiously tattooed and withered old dame looking near a century sat on the ground by her cabin and responded in the Klamath language to the queries of the Indian guide. Her gestures were the real thing. With an overhead wave of the hand she continually motioned towards Cottage Grove to indicate that the man to take us across the river would be found there. Jimmie went for him and came down the opposite bank to get the boat. They had to pull the boat up through the rapids in the edge of the river, opposite us. First our baggage was taken across and then the animals as told above.
Then we repacked and picked our way over the old placer diggings where Chinamen still work there. Cottage Grove consists of one 2-story cottage painted white and very neat to look at (as compared with the Indian cabins) where a patriarch rather dirty as are nearly all Squaw men lived with his Indian wife. A colony of Indians in cabins lived about. It is 23 miles by trail along the river to Happy Camp. We leave this trail in about a mile and strike up the mountain on the Crescent City trail _=Kelsey Trail 70 miles to Crescent City, for which journey the pack trains take five days.
Crescent City Trail from Cottage Grove
(="Kelsey Trail" to Crescent City] see p. 202d.
Hypericum Scouleri, common on the river benches.
Tan Oak, ranging 500 to 1500 feet above river and forming about 1% total stand. In particular canyons 5 to 15% stand.
Trees mostly small or medium sized, a few large trees. One noted 3 1/2 ft. [feet] diam. [diameter] and 80 ft. h. [feet high] (on ridge).
-Quercus chrysolepis, rather common. A few large trees. One 12 ft. circ. [feet circumference] at 4 ft. [feet].
-Madrona, old leaves turn red and hang down by July 1. Adds to its color symphony.
-Tan Oak is here in competition with Douglas Fir, the strongest species of conifer in reproductiveness. Same everywhere that it is in competition with it. It holds its own well against the Fir which speaks well for its persistence and aggressiveness. Advantage in resistance to fire and in stump sprouting. Advantage of fir in lightness of its numerous seeds and their viability. Black Oak on ridges holds its own well against D. [Douglas] Fir. Very beautiful mixed stand of the two species on ridge of Cottage Grove. [?Crast] trail. Black Oak probably resists fire better than Douglas Fir but latter finally over tops it.
-Azalea occidentalis, white fls. [flowers] at spring. Nearly always at water. I have never seen them away from water. We were looking for water for afternoon halt when I saw the azalea I said there would be water there. Sampson went to see and found a spring.