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17_154
Cudahay (spelled Cudihy on Forest Service map)
Trail to Dutch Henry's on Klamath
4000 down to 2500 feet?

Zone below Fir Zone on Klamath.
Just below the night camp we strike a different zone. Douglas Fir comes in abundantly, Sugar Pine a little with it, Castanopsis chrysophylla abundant both in shrub form and as trees, a very little shrub like Tan Oak, Ceanothus integerrimus common, madrona noted, a little scattering small Black Oak hardly more than shrubs, a little Pinus ponderosa, Rubus nutkana abundant, Cornus Nuttallii, Corylus Californica (Corylus rostrata californica). As we range lower the Black Oak become large trees. On a ridge I see twenty tan oaks 1 1/2 to 3 feet diam. [diameter] at butt and 75 to 100 feet high. Trees of the best grade. Strangely I saw no more.
The trail now becomes open, passing through a fine forest of Douglas Fir and Yellow Pine. Higher up the trail was everywhere blocked with fallen timber. The wreckage of the winter's storms was everywhere in evidence and we were constantly circling these windfalls. Above Cudahay, west, the trail was much blocked with with snow and we had much snow, for this season, for ten miles.
Douglas Fir reproduction splendid on all these lower slopes.
Oregon Oak (Garryana) a little. Alnus rhombifolia on lower streams.
17_155
River,[ref to prev p] July 8, 1907
Along (up) the Klamath River (Near Cottage Grove)
-Cercis occidentalis. Vitis Californica. Both common.
-Boschniakia strobilacea. I have never before seen so much of this. For several miles I noted it as common without especially looking for it.
-Poison Ivy (Rhus diversiloba) only along river. None higher up.
-Acer macrophyllym, common.
-Populus trichocarpa, river benches.
-Quercus chrysolepis, large trees, some 3 ft. diam.
-Umbellularia Californica.
-Fraxinus oregana
[drawn pointing finger and paragraph sign]. I have seen on this trip no Quercus lobata, no Aesculus Californica, no Quercus Douglasii, no Pinus Sabiniana. The latter is not even in the hot canon [canyon] of the Klamath as might be antecedently [?] expected. Be it noted however that Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga taxifolia come straight down to the waters of the river here.
-This is the country of the Klamath Indians. It is truly a frontier country. There are not only no railroads but no roads. A wagon would be as strange a sight to the native inhabitants of these parts as a Pullman coach to our great-grandfathers. Everywhere our train excited curiosity. White men, mahalies [?] and Indian men were equally excited. Children ran to look and mothers held up rosy-cheeked small ones to see the strangers with their curious equipment go riding past through the woods. Even the U.S. Mail does not penetrate this country from Happy Camp to Somes Bar [Soames Bar].
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