circa 6000 feet.
[July 6, 1907]
(spelled Cuddihy on Klamath map, U.S. Forest Service).
Brewer Spruce trees by trail, one of which was 10 ft. 5 in. circ. at 4 ft. Then we worked around the rocky shoulder of a mountain = my "Packer's Mt." side (on the divide) and then slanted down this mountain side to Cudahay Valley, in doing which we passed through a great brush area as high as our heads on horseback. The trail was clear below, but above had grown over the trail so that I rarely saw more than two animals ahead. It was very interesting; composed of the following species.
-Ceanothus velutinus, a great deal of this, leaves not varnished.
-Cerasus emarginata, a great deal of this. Along the south slopes of the divide in places it forms pure thickets of 10 and 20 acres extent. Also noted Cerasus demissa in fl. [flower] but this less common.
-Sorbus sitckensis, common but not abundant. Its bud scales (winter buds) brilliant red. Common in wet places, forming extensive thickets. Stems ascending, 20 ft. h. and 4 in. diam. at base.
-Arctostaphylos manzanita, close to patula, abundant.
July 6, 1907
-Acer glabrum, frequent. Have never before seen so much of this. Strictly a bush. Its leaves deep red in spots from a fungus.
-Amelanchier alnifolia, in fl. [flower].
-Quercus vaccinifolia. Its numerous slender straightish branchlets form a sort of vaccinium-like top that is very pronounced and is its most marked characteristic. Low 1 to 3 feet high. Leaves small, entire, or larger, sometimes toothed.
No. 2848. Anemone deltoidea Hook. Sepals 5 or 4.
No. 2849. Arnica Flower yellow.
No. 2850. Phyllodece empetriformis red. See p. 186a.
No. 2851. Vaccinium nivictum pink. See p. 186a.
No. 2852. Anemone occidentalis Wats. Fls. white.
No. 2853. Lathyrus. Fls. crimson, promptly fading blue. Cudahay Valley. L. nevadensis Wats.
Trees of the Region.
In all this region, from the upper Shackelford Canyon to Cudahay Valley and our day's journey beyond, the true Firs form the main part of the forest, probably 90% of the whole of it. I saw but very little of Pinus Murrayana and in few places. Pinus monticola was rare, comparatively. The most abundant species on our trail next to the true firs (magnifica and concolor) is Tsuga Mertensiana. Along the divide, spoken of above, and about 2 miles west of the divide at head of Cudahay Valley