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Herzogiella striatella (Bridel) Iwatsuki [Hypnaceae]
map of distribution

J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 33: 374. 1970. -- Leskea striatella Brid., Bryol. Univ. 2: 762. 1827. -- Plagiothecium striatellum (Brid.) Lindb., Bot. Not. 1865: 144. 1865. -- Doklichotheca striatella (Brid.) Loeske, Hedwigia 50: 244. 1911. --Sharpiella striatella (Brid.) Iwats., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 203. 1965. -- Isopterygium striatellum (Brid.) Loeske, Hedwigia 50: 244. 1911.
   Hypnum fitzgeraldii Ren. ex Lesq. & James, Man. Mosses N. Amer. 370. 1884.

Plants in loose to dense mats, yellow-green to rather dark green, irregularly, often densely branched with branches and stems little different. Leafy axes similar wet or dry, to 2 cm long. Leaves loosely imbricated to approximate, to 2 mm, 3–4: 1, spreading to squarrose, on some branches often complanate, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, gradually contracted from the decurrent base to the long acumen. Margins plane, narrowly decurrent, serrulate at least above the middle, serrate near apex. Median cells smooth, 4–7 µm wide, linear, up to 10: 1, thin walled, not pitted. Alar cells near and in the decurrency inflated and thin-walled, short rectangular above but longer near the base of the decurrency, to 20 µm wide, delineated by up to 3 rows of quadrate, not inflated supra-alar cells with moderately thick but unpitted walls. Median cells of leaf base linear to rectangular, 2–10: 1, rather thick walled and pitted. Costa inconspicuous, short and double. Pseudoparaphyllia wanting or abortive. Axillary hairs 4-celled, to 150 µm with a rather poorly differentiated basal brown cell, not offset from leaf insertion. Stem cross-section without a central strand, with a hyaloderm rather enlarged and thin walled compared to the adjacent several layers of small and brownish pachydermous cells, and with inner cortical cells enlarged with thin and hyaline walls. Rhizoids sparse on prostrate axes, red-brown and coarsely papillose, sparingly branched, to 18 µm in diameter at insertion.
    Autoicous with perigonia and perichaetia placed near one another in leaf axils on stoloniferous axes. Perichaetia about as long as the subtending leaves, with the bracts to 1.2 mm long, ovate below and loosely sheathing the seta, abruptly contracted near the apex into a short and narrow, serrulate acumen. Seta to 1.5 cm long, erect, brown to red-brown. Capsule yellow- to reddish-brown, cylindric and arcuate, often strongly so, strongly sulcate but not very strangulate. Urn to 2 mm, about 3: 1. Exothecial cells near mouth of capsule differentiated in 3–4 rows, dark-brown, isodiametric to somewhat transversely elongate with thick walls and round lumens, to 25 µm wide. Exothecial cells at mid urn irregular in size and shape, rectangular with oblique end walls, 1.5–6: 1, mostly not in regular rows, not collenchymatous, to 30 µm broad. Stomata restricted to base of urn, mostly rather poorly developed. Annulus ill-defined, falling in fragments. Operculum conic to conic-apiculate, much shorter than urn. Exostome pale to yellow-brown, to 400 µm long, closely but often rather inconspicuously horizontally striate below, papillose above, with strong ventral trabeculae. Endostome segments papillose, perforate and keeled, about as long as exostome with basal membrane about 1/2 of total length. Cilia 1–3, mostly as long as the endostome processes, not nodose. Spores smooth to very lightly papillose, to 15 µm.

Mail a correction to Paul Wilson ·
LiteratureSpjut 1971.
IllustrationsMalcolm et al. 2009 p. 282; Ireland 1982; Smith 1978.
BioregionsNW.
VouchersDel Norte Co.: slopes above Sanger Lake southeast of O'Brien, Six Rivers National Forest, Norris 70856; Humboldt Co.: upper reaches of Marshall Creek, Norris 56689; Siskiyou Co.: Bear Lake, Norris 24211 & 21217.
   

Elevation by latitude plot for Herzogiella striatella
   in California

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