Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae



Stem decumbent to erect, slender
Leaf simple, deciduous, small, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets
Flower ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectaries 1–5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped
Fruit generally berry-like, generally white
Seeds 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex
Species in genus: ± 10 species: North America, 1 in China
Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, the berries borne in clusters)
Reference: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201–252]


S. mollis Nutt.


Plant trailing or creeping, 1.5–6 dm, ± glabrous to soft-hairy
Stem: branches often rooting; root-crowns and old nodes often becoming very swollen
Leaf: blade 0.5–3 cm
Inflorescence: flowers 2–8
Flower: calyx limb spreading, divided halfway; corolla ± 4 mm, bell-shaped, pink (often red outside), lobes ± erect, 1/2 corolla length, hairy inside; nectary glands below all 5 lobes
Fruit ± 8 mm, round
Seed 2–4 mm
Ecology: Ridges, slopes, open places in woods
Elevation: 9–3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, New Mexico
Two ill-defined forms may be recognized: S. acutus (A. Gray) Dieck (twig hairs spreading, leaves densely hairy below; chiefly SN); S. hesperius G.N. Jones (twigs puberulent, leaves thin, sparsely hairy below; chiefly KR)
Horticultural information: 4, 6, 17, SHD: 15, 16 &IRR: 1, 2, 7, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; STBL.

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bioregional map for SYMPHORICARPOS%20mollis being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Symphoricarpos mollis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Symphoricarpos
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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