Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CAPRIFOLIACEAE

HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae

SYMPHORICARPOS

WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY

Shrub
Stem decumbent to erect, slender
Leaf simple, deciduous, small, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets
Flower ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectaries 1–5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped
Fruit generally berry-like, generally white
Seeds 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex
Species in genus: ± 10 species: North America, 1 in China
Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, the berries borne in clusters)
Reference: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201–252]

Native

S. mollis Nutt.

CREEPING SNOWBERRY, TRIP VINE

Plant trailing or creeping, 1.5–6 dm, ± glabrous to soft-hairy
Stem: branches often rooting; root-crowns and old nodes often becoming very swollen
Leaf: blade 0.5–3 cm
Inflorescence: flowers 2–8
Flower: calyx limb spreading, divided halfway; corolla ± 4 mm, bell-shaped, pink (often red outside), lobes ± erect, 1/2 corolla length, hairy inside; nectary glands below all 5 lobes
Fruit ± 8 mm, round
Seed 2–4 mm
Ecology: Ridges, slopes, open places in woods
Elevation: 9–3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, New Mexico
Two ill-defined forms may be recognized: S. acutus (A. Gray) Dieck (twig hairs spreading, leaves densely hairy below; chiefly SN); S. hesperius G.N. Jones (twigs puberulent, leaves thin, sparsely hairy below; chiefly KR)
Horticultural information: 4, 6, 17, SHD: 15, 16 &IRR: 1, 2, 7, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; STBL.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for SYMPHORICARPOS%20mollis being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Symphoricarpos mollis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Symphoricarpos
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California