|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb
Stem decumbent to erect, < 2 m
Leaves simple, cauline (sometimes also basal), opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0
Flower bisexual, radial, parts in 4's or 5's, except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, persistent or deciduous, corolla generally without fringes or scales on inner surface, sinuses between lobes generally unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved
Genera in family: ± 80 genera, 900 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma , Exacum , Gentiana )
Reference: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441487]
Perennial (dying after flowering in S. albomarginata , S. fastigiata , S. parryi , S. puberulenta , S. radiata ; non-flower rosettes preceding flower-stems in these species, accompanying flower-stems in others)
Leaves: basal ± petioled; cauline < basal, generally whorled or opposite
Inflorescence: cyme or panicle of dense clusters
Flower: parts in 4's (generally 5's in S. perennis, many species outside CA); calyx fused only near base, lobes lanceolate; corolla rotate, rarely bell-shaped, sometimes with fringed ridges or scales between stamen bases, lobes > tube, sinus appendages 0, nectary pits prominent, 12 per lobe, pit margin fringed; ovary sessile, style short, persistent, stigma 2-branched
Species in genus: ± 120 species: temp North America, Eurasia, Africa
Etymology: (E. Sweert, Dutch herbalist, born 1552)
Reference: [St. John 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 21:129]
Frasera sometimes segregated.
Plant 36 dm, glabrous or stems puberulentSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaves white-margined; basal 29 cm, 510 mm wide, oblanceolate, tips acute; cauline whorled, upper sometimes opposite, linear-lanceolate, tips acuminate
Inflorescence open; pedicels 550 mm
Flower: calyx 512 mm; corolla 814 mm, with a low, fringed ridge between stamen bases, greenish white, often purple-dotted, lobes lance-oblong, abruptly acuminate; nectary pit 1 per corolla lobe, oblong, wider, 2-lobed at tip
Ecology: Dry, open woodlands
Elevation: 15002200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Colorado
Flowering time: MayJul
Synonyms: Frasera a. S. Watson
Horticultural information: DRN, SHD: 2, 6, 15, 16, 17.