|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers fewmany or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 25 or 1 and 23-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).
Annual, biennial, perennial herb, ± erect, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizomed
Leaves petioled or not; blade linear to oblanceolate; vein 1
Inflorescence: cyme, generally terminal, sometimes axillary, open to dense; flowers fewmany, generally erect, generally with pedicels 540+ mm
Flower generally bisexual; sepals 5, fused, tube prominent, 425 mm, 213 mm diam, cylindric to bell-shaped, rounded, hairs various or 0, veins generally 10+, lobes or teeth 113 mm, < tube, triangular to linear; petals 5, 648 mm, claw long, blade entire or 26-lobed, appendages 06 at junction of claw and blade; basal lobes present or 0; stamens generally fertile, fused with petals to stalk; ovary chamber 1 or ± incompletely 35, styles 35, 135 mm
Fruit: capsule, cylindric to ovoid; stalk 07 mm, generally glabrous; teeth 3, 6, or 10, ascending to recurved
Seeds many, gray to red, brown, or black
Species in genus: 500 species: n hemisphere
Etymology: (Greek: Probably from mythological Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus, who was covered with foam, from sticky secretions of many species)
Reference: [Hitchcock & Maguire 1947 Univ Wash Publ Biol 13:173; Showers 1987 Madroño 2940]
Perennial 540 cm; caudex generally much-branched
Stem erect, glabrous to puberulent, glandular or not
Leaves slightly reduced upward, 15 cm, 230 mm wide; lower lanceolate to ± round; upper linear to ovate
Inflorescence axillary and terminal; flowers generally nodding, subsessile to short-pedicelled
Flower: calyx 610 mm, puberulent, glandular or not, faintly 10-veined, lobes 25 mm; petal claw glabrous to ciliate, appendages 2, blade 46(8)-lobed, white to greenish or pinkish; stamens > petals; styles 3, exserted
Fruit ovoid; stalk 12.5 mm, puberulent
Seed 22.5 mm, brown
Ecology: Chaparral, coniferous forest
Elevation: 3001900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, n Cascade Range
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Plant 520 cmSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 1.54 cm, 210 mm wide, linear to lanceolate
Ecology: Serpentine, chaparral, coniferous forest
Elevation: 5001000 m.
Bioregional distribution: c North Coast Ranges (Red Mtn, Mendocino Co.; Cook's Springs, Colusa Co.).Some plants intermediate to subsp. glandulosa ; relationship needs careful study.