Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

MALVACEAE

MALLOW FAMILY

Steven R. Hill, except as specified

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, trees, generally stellate-hairy; juice sticky; inner bark tough, fibrous
Leaves alternate, simple, petioled; blade generally palmately veined or lobed, stipules present
Inflorescence often leafy; whorl or involucre of bractlets often subtending calyx
Flower generally bisexual, radial; calyx lobes 5, margins abutting in bud; petals 5, free (fused at base to filament tube, so falling together); stamens many, filaments fused into a tube surrounding style, tube fused in turn to petal bases; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 5 or more, style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 2 X as many as chambers
Fruit of 5–many disk- or wedge-shaped segments, loculicidal capsule, or berry
Genera in family: 100 genera, 2000 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus , okra; Alcea ; Gossypium , cotton; Hibiscus , Malvaviscus )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Sterculiaceae [Angiosperm phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303]
Mature fruit important for identification.

SIDALCEA

CHECKER MALLOW, CHECKERBLOOM

Annual, perennial herb, sometimes from long, creeping rhizomes
Stem generally erect or base ± decumbent
Leaves generally mostly from near stem base; lowest blades generally crenate to shallowly lobed, upper blades generally deeply lobed (generally ± compound)
Inflorescence generally spike- or panicle-like, generally more open in fruit; bracts at pedicel base 2, generally stipule-like; bractlets subtending calyx generally 0(–3)
Flower: calyx lobes = or > tube; petals purple or rose-pink to white; stamen-tube with generally 2 series of ± fused filaments near tip; stigmas linear, on inner side of style branches
Fruit: segments generally 5–10, indehiscent, generally ± beaked, walls thin
Seed 1 per fruit segment
Species in genus: ± 25 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: combination of 2 names for mallow)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1957 Univ Wash Publ Biol 18:1–96]
Highly variable and difficult, with many local forms; some plants will not key with certainty. Additional work warranted.

Native

S. oregana (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray

Perennial from woody taproot
Stem 3–15 dm, rarely rooting at base; lower stem coarsely stellate to long-bristly
Leaves ± basal; lower blades crenate to deeply lobed; upper blades ± compound, segments entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence ± spike-like, dense to open; pedicels generally 1–3 mm
Flower: calyx generally ± 5 mm in flower, lobes lanceolate, glabrous to densely and uniformly stellate or bristly; petals 5–18 mm, rose-pink
Fruit: segment 2–3 mm, smooth to lightly net-veined and pitted
Ecology: Meadows, marshes, other wet places
Elevation: < 3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Wyoming, Utah
None of the vars. (within subspp.) of C.L. Hitchc. are recognized.

Native

subsp. hydrophila (A. Heller) C.L. Hitchc.


Stem 3–9 dm, generally < 5 mm diam, sometimes rooting at base; lower stem bristly, hairs ± 2 mm
Inflorescence much-branched; units 1.5–2.5 cm, head-like
Flower: calyx ± 6 mm in fruit, fine-stellate
Fruit: segment ± 2.2 mm, smooth, generally glabrous
Chromosomes: 2n=20
Ecology: Uncommon. Wet soil of streambanks, meadows
Elevation: 1100–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: High North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges.Intergrades with subsp. valida
Horticultural information: WET or IRR, DRN: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for SIDALCEA%20oregana%20subsp.%20hydrophila being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Sidalcea oregana subsp. hydrophila
Retrieve dichotomous key for Sidalcea
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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