|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 45, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).
Leaf sessile or petioled; blade ± fleshy
Inflorescence: bracts 13, free, not forming an involucre; flowers generally solitary in axils
Flower nocturnal or cleistogamous; open perianth trumpet-shaped; stamens 48; stigma ± spheric, generally exserted
Fruit: wing thin, membranous
Species in genus: 8 species: North America., Africa
Etymology: (Greek: parsley fruit)
(Fowler & Turner 1977 Phytologia 37(3);177208)
Annual; hairs appressed and divergent, white, also glandular-puberulentSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem prostrate to erect, < 3 dm
Leaf petioled, < 26 mm; blade ovate to round
Flower: perianth 3040 mm, ± 10 mm wide, tube ± green, limb white
Fruit 57 mm; wings 5, 2 mm
Ecology: Dry, rocky areas
Elevation: 1250 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains (ne Kingston Range, se Inyo Co.)
Distribution outside California: to s Nevada, sw Utah, nw Arizona
Flowering time: JunSep
Synonyms: S. diffusus A. Gray var. n. Standley