|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Shrub generally < 2 m
Stem generally erect; nodal spines 09; internodal bristles generally 0; twigs generally hairy, generally glandular
Leaves simple, alternate, generally clustered on short, lateral branchlets, petioled, generally deciduous; blade generally palmately 35-lobed, generally thin, generally dentate or serrate, base generally cordate
Inflorescence: raceme, axillary, generally pendent, 125-flowered; pedicel generally not jointed to ovary, generally hairy or glandular; bract generally green
Flower bisexual, radial; hypanthium tube exceeding ovary; sepals generally 5, generally spreading; petals generally 5, generally < sepals, generally flat; stamens generally 5, alternate petals, generally inserted at level of petals (hypanthium top), anthers generally free, generally glabrous, tips generally rounded; ovary inferior, chamber 1, ovules many, styles generally 2, generally fused except at tip, generally glabrous
Genera in family: 1 genus, 120 species: n hemisphere, temp South America. Some cultivated as food, ornamental. Hypanthium data refer to part above ovary; statements about ovary hairs actually refer to the hypanthium around the ovary. Formerly included in Saxifragaceae.
Etymology: (Arabic: for plants of this genus)
Stem: nodal spines 13
Leaf: blade 1225 mm, toothed
Flower: hypanthium 57 mm, longer than wide; sepals reflexed, 79 mm, purple; petals 34 mm, white, margins curled inward; anthers exserted from petals, tips with a short, sharp, flexible point; styles exceeding anthers
Fruit 1416 mm, red; prickles stout, nonglandular; hairs glandular
Ecology: Forests, chaparral, woodlands
Elevation: < 2800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: Oregon
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf: blade lower surfaces densely white-hairy
Flower: hypanthia, sepals densely white-hairy
Ecology: Mixed-evergreen forest
Elevation: < 2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Outer North Coast Ranges, High North Coast Ranges
Horticultural information: DRN: 5, 17 &SHD: 6 &IRR: 7, 14, 15, 16.