Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Fosiée Tahbaz

Perennial, subshrubs; roots generally in fleshy clusters
Stems 1–several from root crown
Leaves basal and cauline, alternate, large, deeply (generally ternately) dissected to compound, ± fleshy; stipules 0
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or few in a cluster, terminal
Flower: sepals generally 5, free, leathery, persistent; petals generally 5–10; stamens many, maturing outward from flower axis; pistils 2–5, simple, coarse, thick-walled, surrounded at base by lobed nectary-disk
Fruit: follicles, 2–5, thick-walled, subtended by persistent calyx
Seeds large, generally several per follicle, generally black, with an aril.



The only genus
Species in genus: ± 30 species: Eurasia, 2 species in w US; many cultivated
Etymology: (Greek: Paeon, physician to the gods)


P. californica Torr. & A. Gray

Stem 35–75 cm, generally branched
Leaves 7–12 per stem, dark green above, paler beneath, not very glaucous; 1° divisions 3–9 cm, 1–6 cm wide, bases slightly narrowed; ultimate segments ± widely linear or oblong, bases barely or not tapered, tips generally long-acute
Flower: petals 15–25 mm, > inner sepals, elliptic, deep blackish red, margins pink; filaments 5–8 mm, anthers 3–7 mm
Fruit: follicles 3–4 cm
Seeds ± 16 mm, ± curved
Chromosomes: n=5
Ecology: Chaparral, coastal scrub
Elevation: 0–1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Central Coast, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 15, 16, 17, 24 &SHD: 7, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.

Information on Distribution and elevation was contributed by Dave Keil (May 7 2003):
Paeonia californica (TJM p. 810) grows in the Elfin Forest in Los Osos, so we need to add sCCo to the range. The site is less than 10m above sea level

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