Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

NICANDRA


Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Nicander, botanical poet, Asia Minor, 2nd–1st centuries B.C.)

Introduced

N. physalodes (L.) Gaertn.

Annual < 2 m
Stem strongly 5-ribbed, hollow
Leaf 8–30 cm; blade toothed to lobed
Inflorescence: flowers solitary in axils
Flower: calyx lobes wing-like at base, enlarging and ± enclosing fruit; corolla 15–30 mm, widely bell-shaped, shallowly lobed, pale blue, tube base with ring of hairs; filaments 4–5 mm; ovary on orange disk, 3–5-chambered, style 5–7 mm
Fruit: capsule 1–2 cm, spheric
Seeds many, brown
Ecology: Fields
Elevation: < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to S.America
Probable waif in CA.

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bioregional map for NICANDRA%20physalodes being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Nicandra physalodes
Retrieve dichotomous key for Nicandra
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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