Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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CAMPANULACEAE

BELLFLOWER FAMILY

Nancy Morin, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.

NEMACLADUS

Nancy R. Morin and Jennifer Milburn

Annual; roots fibrous
Stems erect or spreading, simple or branched at base or below middle
Leaves basal; petiole short or 0
Inflorescence ± raceme-like; bract 1 per flower, small; pedicel generally thread-like
Flower inverted; sepals linear to triangular; corolla nearly radial and 5-lobed or 2-lipped (upper lip 3-lobed, lower lip 2-lobed); filaments free at base, fused into tube above, sometimes appendaged at tube base, anthers free, all alike; ovary generally half-inferior in fruit, sometimes 0, hemispheric to obconic, sometimes glandular, stigma 2-lobed, papillate
Fruit generally > hypanthium, hemispheric to fusiform; tip pointed or rounded, dehiscing at tip by 2 valves; chambers 2
Seed elliptic to oblong
Species in genus: 13 species: sw US, nw Mex
Etymology: (Greek: thread-like branch)
Reference: [McVaugh 1942 N Amer Flora 32A: 1–134]

Native

N. secundiflorus G.T. Robbins


Stems spreading to ascending, 2.5–12.5 cm; base dull, reddish brown
Leaf 3–6 mm, narrowly oblanceolate to ± spoon-shaped, narrowed to wide petiole, irregularly dentate, hairy
Inflorescence ± 1-sided; axis straight; bracts 2–3 mm, widely lanceolate to oblong; pedicels 9–12 mm, ± 0.1 mm diam, horizontal, ± S-curved, tip erect
Flower: hypanthium 0.5 mm; sepals ± 0.8 mm, linear, erect; corolla 3–5 mm, divided < 1/2 length, lavender or pink with yellow blotch at lobe base, glabrous to hairy, upper lobes spreading, lower lobes reflexed; filament tube ± 1.5–2 mm, tip slightly curved, fine-hairy, anthers 0.5 mm
Fruit ± 2–2.5 mm, ± hemispheric (base and tip rounded)
Seed 0.3 mm, subspheric; surface with zigzag ridges alternating with clearly pitted rows
Ecology: Dry, gravelly slopes
Elevation: 200–2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: s High Sierra Nevada, South Coast Ranges.Plants from s SNH have ± superior ovary and open (not 1-sided) inflorescence. Plants in San Luis Obispo Co. have smaller flowers.

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bioregional map for NEMACLADUS%20secundiflorus being generated
 


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