|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb
Stem generally erect, generally branched from base
Leaves cauline, opposite, entire or palmately 39-lobed; lobes linear to narrowly lanceolate or spoon-shaped
Inflorescence head-like, open, or flower solitary; bracts leaf-like; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower: calyx tubular, or lobes nearly free, bordered by translucent membrane; corolla funnel-shaped, salverform, or bell-shaped; stamens attached at same level, pollen yellow
Species in genus: 41 species: w North America, Chile
Etymology: (Greek: flax flower)
Reference: [Patterson 1977 Madroño 24:3648]
Stem 516 cm
Leaf: lobes 310 mm, middle lobe narrowly oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, lateral lobes similar or linear
Inflorescence head-like, generally 1 flower open at a time in each inflorescence; flowers sessile
Flower: calyx 68 mm, membrane obscure; corolla salverform, tube 1222 mm, reddish, throat yellow, lobes 23 mm, rounded or truncate, pink or white; stamens attached in throat, exserted; stigmas < 1 mm
Ecology: Common. Open, grassy areas, chaparral, woodlands, etc.
Elevation: generally < 1700 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, s Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges.Distinguished from L. acicularis, L. androsaceus, L. parviflorus by its small corolla, extremely short stigmas
Recent taxonomic note: *Leptosiphon bicolor Nutt.
Horticultural information: TRY.