|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 140+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.
Plant < 3 m; bulb erect, oblique, or ± ovoid, longest scales 312 cm, segmented or not
Stem sometimes brown-purple
Leaves in 49 whorls, generally ascending, 415 cm, generally ± oblanceolate; margin generally wavy
Inflorescence: flowers 140, pendent
Flower ± widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth segments 510 cm, 75% strongly recurved, orange or yellow, inner surface ridged basally; stamens >> perianth, filaments spreading, anthers 1119 mm, purple, pollen red-brown to tan-yellow; pistil 4.57 cm
Fruit 26 cm, 1.83.5 cm diam, ribbed
Ecology: Yellow-pine forest
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: s High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, s Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California.Declining.