This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials).
[Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Species in genus: 1 sp.: native to Medit, naturalized in similar climates worldwide
Etymology: (J.B. Lamarck, French botanist, 17441829)
Annual, cespitose, glabrous
Stem generally erect, 740 cm
Leaves cauline, ± evenly distributed; ligule 37 mm, membranous, glabrous, tip ± irregularly cut; blade 2.59 cm, 2.57 mm wide, flat
Inflorescence panicle-like, terminal, 28 cm, dense, golden yellow to purplish; axis short-white-hairy in branch axils; spikelets short-stalked, with 1 fertile and 13 sterile spikelets in spreading to drooping clusters, each cluster generally falling as 1 unit
Fertile spikelet: glumes 2.54 mm, ± equal, generally = spikelet; florets 2; lower floret fertile, 2.53 mm, lemma awned from near tip, awn 67 mm, straight; upper floret sterile, ± 0.5 mm, awn 45 mm
Sterile spikelet 69 mm, >> glumes, linear; glumes > lower floret; florets 58; lemmas ± overlapping, 1.52 mm, obtuse, tip ± fringed, awn 0 (stalk base sometimes with a reduced, sterile spikelet that is like the fertile in size and shape)
Ecology: Open ground, moist seeps, rocky hillsides, sandy soil
Elevation: < 660 m.
Bioregional distribution: California
Distribution outside California: Arizona; native to Mediterranean
Flowering time: FebMay
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|