Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

HYPERICACEAE

ST. JOHN'S WORT FAMILY

Jennifer Talbot

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, tree
Leaves simple, cauline, opposite or whorled; stipules 0; blade often with black dots or embedded clear glands
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, or flower solitary, terminal or axillary
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals persistent, generally 5, often fused at base, overlapping; petals generally 5, free; stamens generally many, free or ± fused into 3–5 clusters; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1–3, placentas generally axile, style branches 3
Fruit: capsule, generally septicidal
Seeds many, small
Genera in family: 10 genera, 400 species: worldwide.

HYPERICUM

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous
Leaf sessile, ± gland-dotted
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally terminal, bracted
Flower: sepals 5; petals 5, deciduous or persistent, yellow; anthers sometimes black-dotted; ovary chambers 1 or 3, placentas 3, axile or parietal and projecting into chamber
Species in genus: 350 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Greek name)

Introduced

H. canariense L.

Shrub
Stem generally 2–5 m
Leaf 5–7 cm, oblong-lanceolate; base tapered
Flower: sepals ovate, acute, margin ciliate; petals 12–15 mm; styles 3–6 mm
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed places
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to Canary Islands

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