Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.



Dieter H. Wilken

Perennial, cespitose or from rhizomes, glabrous to velvety soft-hairy
Leaves generally basal; ligule membranous, truncate, puberulent; blade flat
Inflorescence panicle-like, ± congested
Spikelets laterally compressed, breaking below glumes, falling as 1 unit; glumes ± subequal, lower 1-veined, upper 3-veined; florets generally 2, lower floret bisexual, upper staminate or sterile; callus hairy; lemmas ± 2 mm, shiny, membranous, faintly 3–5-veined, lemma of lower floret awnless, lemma of upper floret awned near 2-lobed tip; palea ± = lemma
Species in genus: ± 8 species: temp Eurasia, Africa
Etymology: (Latin: a grass)


H. mollis L.


Stems solitary to few, from rhizomes, ascending to decumbent, 3–8 dm; nodes soft-hairy, hairs pointed downward, internodes generally glabrous
Leaf: ligule 2–3 mm; blade 3–15 cm, 4–9 mm wide
Spikelet: glumes 4–5 mm, tan, tinged purplish, minutely scabrous on back, keel and veins short-hairy; lemmas 2–3 mm, awn bent to straight, 3–4 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=28,35,42,49
Ecology: Moist sites, ditches, lawns
Elevation: < 120 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast
Distribution outside California: to Canada, scattered in e US; native to temperate n Europe

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bioregional map for HOLCUS%20mollis being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Holcus mollis
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