|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub
Stem generally erect, branched, glabrous, hairy, or glandular
Leaves generally cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, simple, sessile, generally linear to ovate; stipules glandular or 0
Inflorescence: raceme or cyme, axillary, open to dense
Flower generally bisexual, radial, nodding in bud; sepals 45, free, glabrous, hairy, or margins gland-toothed; petals 45, free, blue, white, yellow, or pink, ephemeral; stamens 45, alternate petals, generally appendaged; staminodes alternate stamens or 0; ovary superior, chambers 25 but becoming 410 by growth of false septa, styles 25
Fruit: generally capsule
Genera in family: 13 genera, 300 species: worldwide, especially temp; some cultivated (Linum usitatissimum , flax, linseed; L. bienne, L. grandiflorum , ornamental)
Reference: [Robertson 1971 J Arnold Arbor 52: 649665]
Stem 550 cm
Leaves generally alternate, generally thread-like to linear, generally flat, generally not clasping
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; pedicels thread-like, generally ascending to erect
Flower: sepals 5, glabrous, hairy, or margins minutely gland-toothed; petals 5, generally widely spreading, 112 mm, yellow or white to rose, each with 3 small scales at inner base; stamens 5; staminodes 0; ovary chambers 4 or 6, styles 23, stigmas ± = styles in width
Fruit: surface smooth
Species in genus: 13 species: especially CA; mostly localized, mostly on serpentine
Etymology: (Greek & Latin: western flax)
Reference: [Sharsmith 1961 Univ Calif Publ Bot 32:235314]
Generally self-pollinated. Segregated from Linum.
Plant 1025 cm
Leaves alternate, thread-like to linear; stipule glands well developed, with red exudate
Inflorescence: pedicels 15(10) mm
Flower: sepals 3.54 mm, glabrous except minutely gland-toothed on margins; petals 412 mm, white or partly pink; stamens 611 mm, anthers white to rose; ovary chamber 6, styles 3, 410 mm, whitish
Ecology: Rocky areas, chaparral, grassland, sometimes on serpentine
Elevation: 301300 m.
Bioregional distribution: c&s Inner North Coast Ranges, s Cascade Range Foothills, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, e San Francisco Bay Area, ne Inner South Coast Ranges
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|