Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

GENTIANACEAE

GENTIAN FAMILY

James S. Pringle (except as specified)

Annual, perennial herb
Stem decumbent to erect, < 2 m
Leaves simple, cauline (sometimes also basal), opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0
Flower bisexual, radial, parts in 4's or 5's, except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, persistent or deciduous, corolla generally without fringes or scales on inner surface, sinuses between lobes generally unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 80 genera, 900 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma , Exacum , Gentiana )
Reference: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441–487]

GENTIANOPSIS

FRINGED GENTIAN

Annual, perennial herb, glabrous
Leaves basal and cauline, opposite
Inflorescence: flower 1 per stem or branch
Flower: parts in 4's; calyx tube distinct, lobes lanceolate, acuminate; corolla > 2 cm, funnel-shaped, blue, rarely white, lobes < or = tube, oblong to elliptic-obovate, obtuse or rounded, ± entire to conspicuously serrate, jagged, or fringed, sinus appendages 0, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on corolla tube near base); ovary stalked, style short or indistinct, persistent, stigma 2-branched
Species in genus: ± 15 species: temp North America, Eurasia
Etymology: (Greek: resembling Gentiana )

Native

G. holopetala (A. Gray) H.H. Iltis

Annual or perennial herb from root-sprouts or rooting stems, 3–45 cm
Stem ± decumbent to erect
Leaves: basal, lower cauline < 70 mm, < 15 mm wide, spoon-shaped, rounded to acute; upper cauline few, lance-elliptic to linear, acute
Inflorescence: peduncle (0.4)2.5–21 cm, generally > 2.5 X subtending internode, generally > whole stem
Flower: calyx (10)14–36 mm; corolla 20–55 mm
Seed papillate, obtuse
Chromosomes: 2n=78
Ecology: Wet meadows
Elevation: 1800–4000 m.
Bioregional distribution: c&s High Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: w Nevada
Flowering time: Jul–Sep
Synonyms: Gentiana h. (A. Gray) Holm
Horticultural information: TRY.

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