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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

GENTIANACEAE

GENTIAN FAMILY

James S. Pringle (except as specified)

Annual, perennial herb
Stem decumbent to erect, < 2 m
Leaves simple, cauline (sometimes also basal), opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0
Flower bisexual, radial, parts in 4's or 5's, except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, persistent or deciduous, corolla generally without fringes or scales on inner surface, sinuses between lobes generally unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 80 genera, 900 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma , Exacum , Gentiana )
Reference: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441–487]

GENTIANA

GENTIAN

Annual, perennial herb, generally glabrous
Stem generally simple below inflorescence
Leaves cauline, opposite (sometimes also basal)
Inflorescence: compact cyme or flowers solitary
Flower parts in 4's or 5's; calyx tube obvious; corolla tube narrowly bell-shaped, lobes spreading, < tube, scales 0, sinuses between lobes ± truncate, unappendaged or generally with a variously shaped, sometimes fringed appendage, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on ovary stalk); ovary stalked, style short or indistinct, stigma 2-branched
Species in genus: ± 300 species: temp to subarctic and alpine Am, Eurasia
Etymology: (Gentius, king of ancient Illyria, who might have found medicinal value in the plants)

Native

G. setigera A. Gray

MENDOCINO GENTIAN

Perennial
Stems arising laterally below rosette, decumbent, 1–few, 20–45 cm
Leaves: basal 25–85 mm, 5–15 mm wide, spoon-shaped-obovate, tip obtuse; cauline many, 10–30 mm, 5–17 mm wide, elliptic, base sheathing, tip obtuse to acute, lower crowded, wider than upper, upper < internodes
Inflorescence: flowers 1–4
Flower: calyx 14–23 mm, lobes ovate-oblong, subacute; corolla (25)35–50 mm, blue, lobes 10–16 mm, elliptic-obovate, acuminate, sinus appendages deeply divided into 2–3 thread-like parts
Seed winged
Ecology: Wet mtn meadow
Elevation: ± 1065 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges (Red Mtn, Mendocino Co.)
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Synonyms: G. bisetaea Howell
Reference: [Chambers & Greenleaf 1989 Madroño 36:49–50]
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GENTIANA%20setigera being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Gentiana setigera
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