|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb
Stem decumbent to erect, < 2 m
Leaves simple, cauline (sometimes also basal), opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0
Flower bisexual, radial, parts in 4's or 5's, except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, persistent or deciduous, corolla generally without fringes or scales on inner surface, sinuses between lobes generally unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved
Genera in family: ± 80 genera, 900 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma , Exacum , Gentiana )
Reference: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441487]
Annual, perennial herb, generally glabrous
Stem generally simple below inflorescence
Leaves cauline, opposite (sometimes also basal)
Inflorescence: compact cyme or flowers solitary
Flower parts in 4's or 5's; calyx tube obvious; corolla tube narrowly bell-shaped, lobes spreading, < tube, scales 0, sinuses between lobes ± truncate, unappendaged or generally with a variously shaped, sometimes fringed appendage, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on ovary stalk); ovary stalked, style short or indistinct, stigma 2-branched
Species in genus: ± 300 species: temp to subarctic and alpine Am, Eurasia
Etymology: (Gentius, king of ancient Illyria, who might have found medicinal value in the plants)
PerennialSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stems arising laterally below rosette, decumbent, 1few, 2045 cm
Leaves: basal 2585 mm, 515 mm wide, spoon-shaped-obovate, tip obtuse; cauline many, 1030 mm, 517 mm wide, elliptic, base sheathing, tip obtuse to acute, lower crowded, wider than upper, upper < internodes
Inflorescence: flowers 14
Flower: calyx 1423 mm, lobes ovate-oblong, subacute; corolla (25)3550 mm, blue, lobes 1016 mm, elliptic-obovate, acuminate, sinus appendages deeply divided into 23 thread-like parts
Ecology: Wet mtn meadow
Elevation: ± 1065 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges (Red Mtn, Mendocino Co.)
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Synonyms: G. bisetaea Howell
Reference: [Chambers & Greenleaf 1989 Madroño 36:4950]
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|