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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lauramay T. Dempster

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine, tree
Leaves generally opposite, entire; stipules generally on stem, sometimes leaf-like (then leaves apparently whorled and stipules considered leaves), adjacent pairs sometimes fused
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, cluster, or flower solitary, generally terminal and ± axillary
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally ± 4-lobed, sometimes 0; corolla generally radial, 4-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1, ± fused if 2
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets or a berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropical; many cultivated (including Coffea , coffee; Cinchona , quinine; many ornamental)
Reference: [Dempster 1979 Fl CA 4(2):1–47]



Annual, perennial herb, sometimes ± shrubby, often ± dioecious, glabrous or hairy, often scabrous
Stem when young 4-angled
Leaves in whorls of 4 or more, including leaf-like stipules
Inflorescence: panicle, or axillary clusters of 1–many flowers
Flower bisexual or unisexual (with sterile stamens or pistils); calyx 0; corolla generally rotate, sometimes ± bell-shaped, generally greenish, fading yellow or white, sometimes reddish, lobes generally 4; ovary 2-lobed, styles 2, ± fused basally
Fruit: 2 nutlets or 1 berry
Species in genus: ± 400 species: worldwide, especially temp
Etymology: (Greek: milk, from use of some species in its curdling)
Hairiness of ovary and fruit generally ± equal on a single plant; staminate plants often identified only by association with pistillate.


G. angustifolium A. Gray


Perennial, low, tufted or with elongate stems, woody at least at base, dioecious, glabrous to hairy
Stem 6–100 cm
Leaves in whorls of 4, ± strap-shaped, 3-veined
Inflorescence: panicle, individual clusters with few–many flowers
Flower: corolla rotate, generally yellowish
Fruit: nutlets, generally > pedicel; hairs dense, long, straight, spreading
Ecology: Mtn areas where roots sheltered
Elevation: 15–2650 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California, Desert Mountains, Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: Baja California


subsp. angustifolium

Plant glabrous or hairy
Stem 15–100 cm; ridges narrower than surfaces between
Leaf < 27 mm
Inflorescence many-flowered, generally open
Flower: corolla not hairier than herbage
Chromosomes: 2n=22,44
Ecology: Cliffs, canyons, protected places on hillsides
Elevation: 15–2650 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California (except n Channel Islands)
Distribution outside California: n Baja California

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bioregional map for GALIUM%20angustifolium%20subsp.%20angustifolium being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium
Retrieve dichotomous key for Galium
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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