Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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HYDROPHYLLACEAE

WATERLEAF FAMILY

Richard R. Halse, except as specified; Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally hairy, generally taprooted
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme (generally raceme-like and coiled) or flowers solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, rotate to cylindric, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 2–5-chambered, styles 1–2, stigmas generally head-like
Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2
Genera in family: 20 genera, 300 species: especially w US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to be included in an expanded Boraginaceae (also including Lennoaceae) [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2000 Mol Phylog Evol 16:96–112]

EUCRYPTA

Annual, glandular, sticky, scented
Stem erect, much-branched
Leaves simple, 1–3-pinnately toothed to dissected; lower cauline leaves opposite, petioled; upper leaves alternate, becoming smaller, sessile, clasping; petioles generally narrowly winged, ciliate
Inflorescence terminal or axillary; pedicels thread-like, elongate in fruit
Flower: calyx < half-fused, bell-shaped, glandular, lobes oblong to spoon-shaped, ciliate; corolla bell-shaped, generally > calyx, with V-shaped transverse fold between each pair of filaments below throat; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1 (or appearing 5 from complex, enlarged placenta), ovules borne on both sides of placenta, style 1, stigmas 2
Fruit ovoid to spheric, bristly
Seeds 5–15
Species in genus: 2 species: sw US
Etymology: (Greek: well hidden, from seeds)
Reference: [Constance 1938 Lloydia 1:143–152]

Native

E. chrysanthemifolia (Benth.) Greene


Stem erect to openly spreading, < 9 dm
Leaves: lower 2–10 cm, 1–5 cm wide, petioles < 1/2 blade, widened, clasping, blade oblong to widely ovate, pinnate to deeply pinnately lobed, lobes 7–13, deeply 1–2-pinnately lobed, teeth obtuse; upper leaves smaller, narrower, less lobed, bases clasping
Inflorescence: flowers 4–15 per branch; pedicels generally recurved in fruit
Flower: calyx 2–4 mm; corolla 2–6 mm, lobes hairy on back; style < 3 mm
Fruit 2–4 mm wide, < spreading calyx
Seeds 6–8, dark brown, of 2 kinds; some elliptic or round, disk-like, smooth; others oblong-ovoid, wrinkled
Ecology: Canyons, chaparral, disturbed areas, slopes
Elevation: 0–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: Nevada, Arizona, Baja California

Native

var. bipinnatifida (Torr.) Constance


Stem openly spreading
Leaves: lower 2–7 cm, 1–4 cm wide, lobes 7–9
Inflorescence: flowers 4–8 per branch
Flower: corolla 2–3 mm, 2–3 mm wide, = calyx, white or bluish; style < 1 mm
Chromosomes: n=10,20
Ecology: Cliffs, rocky slopes, washes, crevices
Elevation: 30–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Bernardino Mountains, eastern Peninsular Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: Nevada, Arizona, Baja California
Flowering time: Mar–May

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bioregional map for EUCRYPTA%20chrysanthemifolia%20var.%20bipinnatifida being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. bipinnatifida
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Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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