|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to small tree; sap often colored, often milky
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally toothed, lobed, or dissected; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle (terminal), or flower solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; sepals 24, sometimes shed ± at flower; petals generally 4 or 6 (or more), sometimes in 2 unlike pairs; stamens 4many; ovary generally 1, superior, chamber generally 1, stigma lobes 0many, ovules 1many
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, generally septicidal
Genera in family: 40 genera, 400 sp.: n temp, n tropical, s Africa; some cultivated (Papaver, Dicentra, Eschscholzia ). Petal length includes any spur or pouch. Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (Eschscholzia-like garden per with free sepals) an uncommon waif in CA. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria formerly treated in Fumariaceae.
Annual, perennial herb; taproot sap colorless or clear orange
Leaves basal and generally some cauline, ± linear-dissected
Inflorescence: cyme, 1many-flowered
Flower: receptacle funnel-shaped, tip cupped around ovary base, sometimes spreading-rimmed below petals; sepals 2, fused, shed as a unit at flower; petals generally 4 (except doubled flowers), free, obovate or wedge-shaped, generally yellow to orange (white or pink), shed after pollination leaving crown-like membrane (formerly called "inner rim"); stamens 12many, free; placentas 2, style 0, stigma lobes 48, spreading, linear
Fruit cylindric, dehiscent from base
Seeds many, 12 mm, round to ovate, net-ridged, bur-like, or pitted, tan, brown, or black
Species in genus: 12 species: w North America
Etymology: (J.F. Eschscholtz, Russian naturalist, 17931831)
Annual, erect, 530 cm, glabrousSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf: segments generally obtuse
Flower: bud erect or nodding, blunt or short-pointed, glabrous, sometimes glaucous; receptacle barrel-shaped; petals 315 mm, yellow
Fruit 47 cm
Seed 1.31.8 mm wide, round, net-ridged, black
Ecology: Fallow fields, open places
Elevation: 0500 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Joaquin Valley (Carrizo Plain, San Luis Obispo Co.), San Francisco Bay Area (Corral Hollow, Alameda Co.) (Formerly known also from Inner North Coast Ranges, e Outer South Coast Ranges, Inner South Coast Ranges).