|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to trees, some dioecious
Stem: nodes often swollen
Leaves simple, basal or cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally entire; stipules 0 or obvious and fused into a generally scarious sheath around stem
Inflorescence: small cluster, axillary or arrayed in cymes or panicles; involucres sometimes subtending 1many flowers
Flower generally bisexual, small, ± radial; perianth generally 56-lobed, base ± tapered, often jointed to pedicel; stamens 29, often in 2 whorls; ovary superior, styles generally 3, generally fused at base
Fruit: achene, generally enclosed by persistent perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid, and glabrous
Genera in family: 50 genera, 1100 species: worldwide, especially n temp; some cultivated for food (Fagopyrum ; Rheum , rhubarb; Rumex , sorrel) or ornamental (Antigonon , coral-vine; Muehlenbeckia ; Polygonum )
Reference: [Ronse Decraene & Akeroyd 1988 Bot J Linn Soc 98:321371; Reveal et al. 1989 Phytologia 66(24):83414]
Treatments of the 15 eriogonoid genera are based on the monographic work of James L. Reveal, who is gratefully acknowledged.
Annual to shrub
Leaves generally ± basal (clustered on low stems or cauline), petioled, generally ± tomentose below (often shedding above); stipule 0
Inflorescence openly cyme-like, umbel-like, or head-like, generally ± scapose; bracts (any whorled, leaf-like structures on inflorescence) 3many per node, leaf-like to scale-like; involucres generally 1 per node, generally ± obconic, lobes (or short teeth) generally 310, generally erect; flowers generally many per involucre, pedicelled
Flower: perianth white, yellow, or red, lobes 6, generally ± oblong to obovate; stamens 9
Fruit brown to black, glabrous to hairy
Species in genus: ± 250 species: North America
Etymology: (Greek: woolly knees, from hairy nodes of some)
Reference: [Reveal 1989 Phytologia 66:295414]
Largest dicot genus in CA; apparently currently differentiating; many taxa ± indistinct. Better habitat data needed. Many are excellent bee fodder
Horticultural information: Most are attractive and easy to grow with good drainage.
[Group 3] Perennial to shrub, 10200 cm, 10200 cm diam
Leaves clustered on low stems; blade 340 mm, generally ± elliptic, generally densely tomentose (especially below)
Inflorescence umbel- to head-like, erect, slender; bracts leaf-like, subtending rays (if ray 1, appearing whorled near mid-axis), rarely alternate on main axis); involucre generally 1 per ray, 16 mm, ± tomentose, lobes 612, long, reflexed
Flower: perianth 2.512 mm, generally ± yellow becoming reddish (cream to purple), glabrous, lobes ± obovate, stalk-like base long, distinct
Fruit 25 mm, glabrous
Ecology: Abundant. Dry, open, often rocky places
Elevation: 2003700 m.
Bioregional distribution: California (except North Coast, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, South Coast, Channel Islands, Sonoran Desert)
Distribution outside California: to w Canada, Colorado, New Mexico
Extremely variable and difficult. Many vars. intergrade, best dispositions unclear; more study needed.
Leaf: blade elliptic to round
Inflorescence generally simple (bracts sometimes whorled near mid-axis), ± erect; rays generally < 2 cm
Flower: perianth 47 mm, bright yellow
Ecology: Common. Open forest, among rocks or shrubs
Elevation: 2003000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Synonyms: var. umbellatum (Rocky Mtns) misapplied; var. hausknechtii (Dammer) M.E. Jones, Warner Mtns buckwheat (OR, WA) missaplied to plants from Wrn at 3000 m that are intermediate to var. humistratum
Smaller plants on serpentine in KR have been called var. goodmanii Reveal Intergrades especially with vars. nevadense & speciosum
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17, 24 &IRR: 3, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23; CVS.