|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual to perennial herb (subshrub)
Stems generally erect
Leaves alternate, generally entire
Inflorescence: heads generally radiate, 1many in loose, panicle-like or flat-topped clusters; involucre hemispheric; phyllaries narrowly lanceolate, in 2several equal to strongly graded series; receptacle flat to steeply conic, naked, smooth to shallowly pitted
Ray flowers (0) generally 10many; ligules generally white, pink, or blue (yellow)
Disk flowers many; corollas generally narrowly funnel-shaped, yellow; style tips 0.10.8 mm, ± triangular
Fruit 0.53 mm, generally ± oblong, compressed to ± cylindric, generally 2-ribbed, generally sparsely hairy; pappus (0) generally of 650 longer, inner bristles and shorter outer bristles, narrow scales, or short crown
Species in genus: ± 375 species: wordwide
Etymology: (Greek: early old age)
Reference: [Nesom 1992 Phytologia 72:157208]
Perennial 433 cm, from taproot and (sub)simple caudex, prostrate to erect, 0few-branched below mid-stem, ± ascending-hairy
Leaves linear to narrowly oblanceolate, 3-veined; basal generally present at flower; middle cauline 13(5) cm, strigose
Inflorescence: heads 1(4), long-peduncled, 823 mm diam; phyllaries ± equal
Ray flowers 1539; corollas 715 mm, ligules white, generally bluish or pinkish beneath, weakly coiled
Fruit: pappus bristles 1630
Ecology: Open grassland, rocky flats, generally in sagebrush or pinyon/juniper scrub
Elevation: 10002900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona
CA vars. intergrade; other vars. in Rocky Mtns.
Stems 1433 cm
Inflorescence: head 1423 mm diam; longest phyllaries 711 mm
Disk flowers: corollas 4.46.8 mm
Fruit: pappus bristles 2026, 45 mm
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Elevation: 14002900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: n Nevada
Synonyms: E. n. S.F. Blake