|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to subshrubs, fleshy
Leaves generally simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, generally reduced upward
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted
Flower: sepals generally 35, generally ± free; petals generally 35, ± free or fused; stamens = to >> sepals, free or epipetalous; pistils generally 35, simple (sometimes fused at base), ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1many, style 1
Fruit: follicles generally 35
Seeds 1many, small
Genera in family: ± 30 genera, ± 1500 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temp; many cultivated for ornamental. Family description and generic key by Melinda F. Denton and Reid Moran.
Perennial, fleshy, glabrous
Stem generally caudex or corm-like, generally vertical, branched or not, generally covered with dried leaves or leaf bases
Leaves in basal rosettes, evergreen vernal and ephemeral
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary, 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, alternate
Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; pistils 5, ± fused below
Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded
Seed < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate
Species in genus: ± 45 species: sw North America
Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, western US botanist, 18491911)
Reference: [Moran in Jacobsen 1960 Handb Succ Plant:344359]
Unopened follicles generally most reliable for posture (erect, spreading, etc.).
Stem: caudex 1.54.5 cm wide, branched
Leaf 820 cm, 410 mm wide, ± cylindric except at base, pale green, ± to nonglaucous; base 1.53 cm wide; tip acute to abruptly pointed
Inflorescence open; 1° branches several, forked 12 X ; peduncle 25 dm, 310 mm wide; terminal branches 410 cm, 311-flowered; pedicel 12 mm
Flower: sepals 2.54.5 mm, oblong-ovate; petals 710 mm, 23 mm wide, fused 12 mm, elliptic-oblong, acute, spreading or ± reflexed from middle, white; styles 12 mm
Fruit: follicles 4560° < erect, strongly swollen at base
Ecology: Rocky slopes, ledges
Elevation: < 1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 15, 16, 17, 24 &IRR: 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23; GRCVR.