Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CUSCUTACEAE

DODDER FAMILY

Tania Beliz

Annual, parasitic vine
Stem twining, ± thread-like, yellow-green to bright orange, generally glabrous
Leaves 0 or scale-like, ± 2 mm, generally triangular to lanceolate
Inflorescence: cyme or cluster (rarely flowers solitary), generally head- or spike-like, axillary, sometimes bracted
Flower bisexual, radial; calyx generally persistent, lobes generally 4–5, generally overlapped; corolla generally deciduous, < 6 mm, mostly white, tube generally appendaged opposite stamens, lobes 4–5; stamens 4–5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chambers 2(3), 2-ovuled, styles generally 2, stigma generally 1 per style, generally ± head-like
Fruit: capsule (circumscissile or irregularly dehiscent) or berry-like
Genera in family: 1 genus, ± 150 species: especially Am tropical; some crop pests
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated within Convolvulaceae [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553].

CUSCUTA

DODDER


Etymology: (Arabic: ancient name)

Native

C. indecora Choisy


Inflorescence spike- or panicle-like; pedicels 0–4.4 mm
Flower 3–5 mm; calyx 1–2 mm, lobes 5, not overlapped, ± 1/2 corolla tube, acute; corolla generally persistent, 3–4.5 mm, shallowly bell-shaped, tube generally shorter than wide, lobes 5, < tube, triangular, erect, tips incurved, appendages 1.5–2.5 mm, divisions many, finger-like; ovary 2–3 mm, ovoid-spheric, top with thickening, styles 3–4 mm
Fruit sometimes gland-dot-lined; top as ovary
Ecology: Common. On herbs, often in moist fields, roadsides
Elevation: probably < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, Desert
Distribution outside California: to c&se US, Mexico; also Caribbean, S.America

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for CUSCUTA%20indecora being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Cuscuta indecora
Retrieve dichotomous key for Cuscuta
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California