This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, parasitic vine
Stem twining, ± thread-like, yellow-green to bright orange, generally glabrous
Leaves 0 or scale-like, ± 2 mm, generally triangular to lanceolate
Inflorescence: cyme or cluster (rarely flowers solitary), generally head- or spike-like, axillary, sometimes bracted
Flower bisexual, radial; calyx generally persistent, lobes generally 45, generally overlapped; corolla generally deciduous, < 6 mm, mostly white, tube generally appendaged opposite stamens, lobes 45; stamens 45, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chambers 2(3), 2-ovuled, styles generally 2, stigma generally 1 per style, generally ± head-like
Fruit: capsule (circumscissile or irregularly dehiscent) or berry-like
Genera in family: 1 genus, ± 150 species: especially Am tropical; some crop pests
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated within Convolvulaceae [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531553].
Etymology: (Arabic: ancient name)
Inflorescence head-like; pedicels 00.5 mm
Flower: calyx generally 22.5 mm, lobes generally 4, 11.5 mm; corolla 24 mm, shallowly bell-shaped (urn-like in fruit), lobes 5, spreading to ascending, each with a fleshy keel, appendages 1.52 mm, divisions generally knob-like; filaments 0.30.7 mm, anthers ± 0.5 mm; ovary 11.5 mm, obovoid, top depressed, style ± 0.4 mm, stigma cylindric
Ecology: Uncommon. On alfalfa, other crops
Elevation: generally < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Utah; native to Old World
Synonyms: C. epithymum Murray; var. urceolata (Kunze) Yuncker misapplied
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|