Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual, perennial herb, sometimes aquatic
Leaves generally basal and cauline, generally alternate, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, sometimes sheathing or stipule-like
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, free, early deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, free; stamens generally 10–many; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, generally ± persistent in fruit as beak, ovules 1–many
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, or utricle-like, 1–many-seeded
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temp, tropical mtns; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Erianthis, Helleborus ), some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus )
Reference: [Duncan & Keener 1991 Phytologia 70:24–27]


Annual generally from taproot
Stem generally 1, erect, branched to not
Leaves palmately or palmate-pinnately deeply lobed or dissected; cauline merging into bracts upward
Inflorescence: raceme, terminal; pedicels spreading to ascending
Flower bilateral; sepals 5, petal-like, white to blue or violet, uppermost spurred; petal 1, in color = sepals, tip generally lobed, arched over stamens, base with spur enclosed in uppermost sepal spur; pistil 1
Fruit: follicle
Seed brown to black, minutely scaly in rows
Species in genus: ± 40 species: Medit Eur, w Asia
Etymology: (Latin: consolidate, from reported ability to heal wounds)
Reference: [Keener 1976 Castanea 41:12–20]
Segregated from Delphinium.


C. ajacis (L.) Schur

Plant ± puberulent throughout except stem glabrous below
Stem 45–100 cm
Leaves short-petioled; segments 14–21, < 2 mm wide, linear
Inflorescence (3)8–21-flowered; pedicels 5–16 mm
Flower: sepals white, pink, or blue, lateral 8–15 mm, spur 12–18 mm
Fruit 9–18 mm
Seed brown
Chromosomes: 2n=16
Ecology: Disturbed soils, waste places, often a waif
Elevation: < 300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast
Distribution outside California: to eastern US; native to Europe
Synonyms: Consolida ambigua (L.) P. W. Ball & Heywood misapplied

Information on Misapplied Name was contributed by Kurt F. Campbell (21 Jan 2004):
The online JM listing for Consolida ambigua (formerly Delphinium ajacis) gives the name as, "Consolida ajacis." The printed JM and other sources use, "Consolida ambigua"

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bioregional map for CONSOLIDA%20ajacis being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Consolida ajacis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Consolida
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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