This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes aquatic
Leaves generally basal and cauline, generally alternate, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, sometimes sheathing or stipule-like
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, free, early deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0many, free; stamens generally 10many; pistils 1many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, generally ± persistent in fruit as beak, ovules 1many
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, or utricle-like, 1many-seeded
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temp, tropical mtns; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Erianthis, Helleborus ),
some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus )
Reference: [Duncan & Keener 1991 Phytologia 70:2427]
Generally woody vine, sometimes dioecious
Leaves generally 12-pinnate, cauline, generally opposite; petiole generally twining; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, often irregularly 23-lobed, coarsely toothed
Inflorescence: panicle to 1-flowered, axillary or terminal
Flower radial; sepals generally 4, free, petal-like, generally lanceolate, white to cream (or brightly colored elsewhere); petals 0; stamens many, free; pistils generally many, simple
Fruit: many achenes, each generally with an elongate, feathery style
Species in genus: 250 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: twig)
Worldwide revision badly needed but CA species distinct.
Leaf: leaflets 35, ± 3-lobed, toothed, largest on plant generally 35 cm
Inflorescence: generally 1-flowered, axillary
Flower: sepals 1021 mm, both surfaces hairy; stamens or staminodes 50100, 713 mm, << sepals; pistils 75100
Fruit: body hairy
Ecology: Hillsides, chaparral, open woodlands
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California, Southwestern California
Flowering time: JanJun
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 22, 23, 24 &SHD: 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|