Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James S. Pringle (except as specified)

Annual, perennial herb
Stem decumbent to erect, < 2 m
Leaves simple, cauline (sometimes also basal), opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0
Flower bisexual, radial, parts in 4's or 5's, except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, persistent or deciduous, corolla generally without fringes or scales on inner surface, sinuses between lobes generally unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 80 genera, 900 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma , Exacum , Gentiana )
Reference: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441–487]


Annual, glabrous
Stem erect
Leaves basal and cauline, opposite
Inflorescence: cyme or flowers solitary
Flower parts in 4's; calyx midveins narrowly keeled; corolla salverform, yellow, lobes < tube, nectary pits 0 (or nectaries possibly indistinct, at base of corolla); ovary sessile, style distinct, stigma 2-lobed
Species in genus: 2 species: w North America, w South America, Eur
Etymology: (Latin (probably)
: candelabrum)


C. quadrangularis (Lam.) Griseb.

Plant < 9 cm
Stem simple or branched from near base
Leaves 4–9 mm, ovate, lanceolate, elliptic, or oblanceolate; cauline < internodes
Inflorescence: pedicels < 5.5 cm
Flower: calyx < 7 mm, tube hemispheric, much wider than corolla tube, lobes << tube, minutely triangular, acute, sinuses between lobes wide, truncate; corolla < 10 mm, lobes < 4 mm, ovate-elliptic, tip rounded
Chromosomes: 2n=26
Ecology: Open places
Elevation: 0–2700 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: to Oregon; S.America
Synonyms: Microcala q. (Lam.) Griseb

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