|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial (annual), generally twining or trailing
Inflorescence: cyme or flowers solitary in axils; pedicels often with 2 bracts
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals 5, ± free, overlapping, persistent, often unequal; corolla generally showy, generally bell-shaped, ± shallowly 5-lobed, generally pleated and twisted in bud; stamens 5, epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, ovules generally 2 per chamber, styles 12
Fruit: generally capsule
Genera in family: 50 genera, 1,000 species: warm temp to tropical; some cultivated as ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Cuscutaceae [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531553].
(Family description, key to genera by L.T. Dempster)
Perennial, subshrub from caudex or rhizome, glabrous to tomentose
Stem very short to high-climbing, generally twisting and twining
Leaf generally > 1 cm, linear to reniform, often sagittate to hastate, rarely deeply divided
Inflorescence: peduncle generally 1-flowered; bractlets small and remote from calyx to large and concealing calyx, sometimes lobed
Flower generally showy; corolla glabrous, white or yellow to pink or purple; ovary chamber 1 (septa generally incomplete), stigma lobes 2, generally swollen, cylindric or oblong, ± flattened
Fruit ± spheric, ± inflated
Seeds generally ± 4
Species in genus: ± 25 species: temp, worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: concealing calyx, from bractlets of some)
Reference: [Brummitt 1980 Kew Bull 35(2):327328]
Intergradation common; intermediate forms often difficult to identify. Appears similar to Convolvulus , but anatomy suggests that the 2 genera are not very closely related.
Perennial from rhizome or woody caudex; ± hairy
Stem decumbent or ascending, 220 cm
Leaf: blade 34 cm at midrib, ± triangular-hastate, sometimes with small backwardly directed lobes; tip acute to rounded; base tapered
Inflorescence: peduncle < 3.3 cm, < subtending leaf; bractlets attached just below calyx and ± concealing it, 717 mm, 49 mm wide, widely ovate to lanceolate or oblong
Flower: sepals 1013 mm; corolla 3362 mm, white or cream, often purple-tinged along midveins
Ecology: Dry, open scrub or woodland
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s North Coast Ranges, San Francisco Bay Area, c Outer South Coast Ranges
Synonyms: Convolvulus s. (Hook. & Arn.) Greene
Plant hairs ± dense, spreading or deflexed, obvious
Stem generally ± 2 cm
Leaf: basal rosette > flowers; blade ± widely rounded to acuminate
Inflorescence: bractlets 717 mm, 49 mm wide, widely ovate to oblong, rounded
Habitat of sp.
Bioregional distribution: s North Coast Ranges, San Francisco Bay Area.Intergrades with C. collina subsp. venusta, C. occidentalis subsp. o., C. malacophylla subsp. pedicellata
Horticultural information: TRY.